BECK index



Guides to Peace and Justice from Ancient Sages to the Suffragettes is published as a book. For ordering information, please click here.



Prophets of Israel

Amos and Hosea
Isaiah and Micah
Zephaniah, Nahum, and Habakkuk
Ezekiel and Babylonian Isaiah
Hillel and Philo of Alexandria

Chinese Sages


Upanishads and Yoga

Early Upanishads
Kena, Katha, Isha, and Mundaka Upanishads
Later Upanishads
Samkhya and Yoga

Mahavira and Buddha

Gautama Siddartha
Teachings of Buddha

Greek Philosophers and Aristophanes

Empedocles and Socrates
Comedies of Aristophanes
Apollonius of Tyana

Stoic Philosophers

Dio Chrysostom

Jesus and the Early Christians

Jesus the Christ
James, Clement, and Justin Martyr

Sufis, Philosophers, and Nanak

Rabi'a, Al-Hallaj, Gilani, and Suhrawardi
Al-Kindi, Al-Razi, Saadia, and Miskawayh
Ibn Hazm and Ibn Gabirol
Poets Sana'i and 'Attar
Rumi's Masnavi and Discourses
Kabir and His Mystical Poetry
Nanak and the Sikhs

Mani and the Cathars

Cathars and the Inquisition

Francesco and Bonaventure

Arnold of Brescia and Peter Valdes
Hildegard of Bingen
Francesco of Assisi

Dante, Marsilius, and Petrarch

Dante on One Government
Defender of Peace by Marsilius
Petrarch's Humanism

Magna Carta to Wyclif

Langton and the Great Charter
Roger Bacon and Moral Philosophy
Chaucer's "Tale of Melibeus"
Gower's Poetry
Wyclif and the English Bible

Erasmus, Anabaptists, and Mennonites

Jan Hus
Chelcicky's Nonviolence
Erasmus on Peace
Menno Simons and Mennonites

International Law Pioneers

Las Casas on the Spanish Conquest
Vitoria and Suarez
Crucé's Peace Plan
Grotius on the Law of War and Peace
Pufendorf, Wolff, and Vattel

Quakers: Fox and Penn's Holy Experiment

George Fox
William Penn
Holy Experiment in Pennsylvania
Penn's Peace Plan

Peace Plans of Rousseau, Bentham, and Kant

Saint-Pierre's Peace Plan
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Jeremy Bentham
Immanuel Kant

Abolitionists, Emerson, and Thoreau

Channing on War
American Peace Society
Abolitionists and Garrison's Nonresistance
Emerson's Transcendentalism
Thoreau's Civil Disobedience

Bahá'u'lláh and 'Abdu'l-Bahá on World Peace


Tolstoy on the Law of Love

Tolstoy's Literary Career
Tolstoy on Nonviolence and Love

Suffragettes and Women's Rights

Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Women's Rights Pioneers and Grimké Sisters
Mrs. Stanton, Susan Anthony, and Lucy Stone
Mill, Pankhursts, and British Suffragettes
Carrie Catt and Alice Paul

Gandhi's Nonviolent Revolution

Gandhi's Experiments in South Africa
Nonviolent Campaign for Indian Independence
Soul Force and Nonviolence

Wilson and the League of Nations

The Hague Peace Conferences
Wilson and a League for Peace
Versailles Peace Treaty
United States' Rejection of the League
League of Nations Progress 1920-1929
League of Nations Failures After 1930

United Nations and Human Rights

Roosevelt and the United Nations Alliance
United Nations Charter
Nuremberg Trials and Geneva Conventions
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

United Nations Peacekeeping

UN Peacekeeping During the Cold War
UN Peacekeeping After the Cold War

Einstein and Schweitzer on Peace in the Atomic Age

Einstein on Peace and World Government
Schweitzer's Reverence for Life

Pacifism of Bertrand Russell and A. J. Muste

Bertrand Russell and the World Wars
Bertrand Russell in the Nuclear Age
Nonviolent Activism of A. J. Muste

Clark-Sohn Plan for World Law and Disarmament

Nuclear Weapons and World Government
Grenville Clark's Peace Plan
Clark-Sohn Proposal for World Law
McCloy-Zorin Disarmament Effort

King and the Civil Rights Movement

NAACP, CORE, and Desegregation
King and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
King and SCLC Campaigns
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
King Challenges Poverty and War
Chavez and the United Farm Workers

Lessons of the Vietnam War

French Colonial Vietnam
American Vietnam War
American Lessons from Vietnam

Women for Peace

Suttner, Courtney, Royden, and Weil
Jane Addams, Woman's Peace Party, and WILPF
Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker
Women Strike for Peace
Feminism and Nonviolence
Medea Benjamin and Code Pink

Anti-Nuclear Protests

Protesting Nuclear Testing
Protesting Nuclear Power
Protesting Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign

Resisting Wars in Central America

Central American History
El Salvador's Civil War
Nicaragua's Sandinistas and Contras
Resisting Reagan's Proxy Wars
Costa Rica and Arias
Bush's Panama Invasion
School of the Americas Protests

Gorbachev and Ending the Cold War

Nonviolently Resisting Tyranny
Rebelling Against Soviet Domination
Gorbachev's Reforms and Arms Race Reversal
Liberation of Eastern Europe 1989-1991
Gorbachev and the Earth Charter

Mandela and Freeing South Africa

Luthuli, Mandela, and the ANC 1943-61
Mandela's Sabotage and Imprisonment
Biko and Black Consciousness
Mandela's ANC Negotiation with South Africa
Mandela's Presidency of South Africa
Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Chomsky and Zinn on US Imperialism

Chomsky's Analysis of US Foreign Policy
Chomsky on Propaganda and Profits
Zinn on US History and Wars
Yugoslavia War
George W. Bush's War on Terrorism
Chomsky on US Hegemony

Protesting the Bush-Iraq Wars

Clark on the 1991 Iraq War
Sanctions Against Iraq
Kelly on the Sanctions and War
Bush II's War on Iraq
Millions Protest to Prevent War Against Iraq

Nonviolent Revolution for Global Justice

Global Emergency
Nonviolent Strategies
Democratic Revolution
Disarmament and World Justice
Sustainable Civilization

Appendix: My Efforts for World Peace

My Path to the World Peace Movement
Protesting the MX and Cruise Missiles
Networking for Peace
Nuremberg Actions at Concord
2003 Peace Campaign

Chronology of Peacemaking


Guides to Peace and Justice from Ancient Sages to the Suffragettes is published as a book. For ordering information, please click here.

BECK index