BECK index

Bibliography
America & Civil Wars 1845-1865

General
United States History & Politics
Canada
Native Americans
American Slavery & Abolitionists
Women Reforming America
American Philosophy & Religion
American Literature

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United States History & Politics

Adams, Charles Francis, Jr., Charles Francis Adams. Boston, 1900.
Adams, James Trunslow, The Adams Family. New York, 1958.
American Life in the 1840s ed. Carl Bode. Garden City, 1967.
Annals of America, The, Volumes 7-9. Chicago, 1968.
Antislavery and Disunion, 1858-1861: Studies in the Rhetoric of Compromise and Conflict ed. J. Jeffery Auer. New York, 1963.
Atwood, Paul L., War and Empire: The American Way of Life. London, 2010.
Bailey, Thomas A., A Diplomatic History of the American People. New York, 1946.
Baker, Jean H., Mary Todd Lincoln: A Biography. New York, 1987.
Balcerski, Thomas J., Bosom Friends: The Intimate World of James Buchanan and William Rufus King. New York, 2019.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of Alaska 1730-1885. San Francisco, 1886.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of Arizona and New Mexico 1530-1888. San Francisco, 1889.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of California, Volumes 4-7. Santa Barbara, 1886, 1888.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of Nevada, Colorado, and Wyoming 1540-1888. San Francisco, 1890.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of the North Mexican States and Texas, Volume 2. San Francisco, 1889.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of Oregon, Volumes 2-3. San Francisco, 1886, 1888.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of Utah 1540-1886. San Francisco, 1889.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of Washington, Idaho, and Montana 1845-1889. San Francisco, 1890.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, Popular Tribunals, Volume 1. San Francisco, 1887.
Barry, Louise, The Beginning of the West: Annals of the Kansas Gateway to the American West 1540-1854. Topeka, 1972.
Bartlett, Irving H., John C. Calhoun: A Biography. New York, 1993.
Bauer, K. Jack, The Mexican War 1846-1848. New York, 1974.
Bauer, K. Jack, Zachary Taylor: Soldier, Planter, Statesman of the Old Southwest. Baton Rouge, 1985.
Beck, Warren A., New Mexico: A History of Four Centuries. Norman, 1962.
Bergeron, Paul H., The Presidency of James K. Polk. Lawrence, 1987.
Beschloss, Michael, Presidential Courage: Brave Leaders and How They Changed America 1789-1989. New York, 2007.
Beveridge, Albert J., Abraham Lincoln 1809-1858, 4 volumes. Boston, 1928.
Billington, Ray Allen, Westward Expansion: A History of the American Frontier. New York, 1974.
Binder, Frederick Moore, James Buchanan and the American Empire. London, 1994.
Bishop, Jim, The Day Lincoln Was Shot. New York, 1984.
Blue and the Gray, The: The Story of the Civil War as Told by Participants ed. Henry Steele Commager, New York, 1982.
Boessenecker, John, Badge and Buckshot: Lawlessness in Old California. Norman, 1988.
Boles, John B., The South Through Time, Volume 1. Upper Saddle River, 1999.
Bordewich, Fergus M., America’s Great Debate: Henry Clay, Stephen A. Douglas, and the Compromise That Preserved the Union. New York, 2012.
Bordewich, Fergus M., Congress at War: How Republican Reformers Fought the Civil War, Defied Lincoln, Ended Slavery, and Remade America. New York, 2020.
Borneman, Walter R., Polk: The Man who Transformed the Presidency of America. New York, 2008.
Brands, H. W., The Age of Gold: The California Gold Rush & the New American Dream. New York, 2002.
Brodie, Fawn M., Thaddeus Stevens: Scourge of the South. New York, 1959.
Brown, Alexander, The First Republic in America. Boston, 1898.
Burns, James MacGregor, The Vineyard of Liberty. New York, 1981.
Burrows, Edwin G. and Mike Wallace, Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York, 1999.
Calhoun, John C., A Disquisition on Government and Selections from The Discourse ed. C. Gordon Post. Indianapolis, 1953.
California Heritage: An Anthology of History and Literature ed. John and Laree Caughey. Los Angeles, 1962.
Catton, Bruce, The Army of the Potomac: Glory Road. Garden City, 1952.
Catton, Bruce, The Army of the Potomac: A Stillness at Appomattox. Garden City, 1953.
Catton, Bruce, The Centennial History of the Civil War, Volume 1 The  Coming Fury. Garden City, 1961.
Catton, Bruce, The Centennial History of the Civil War, Volume 2 Terrible Swift Sword. Garden City, 1963.
Catton, Bruce, The Centennial History of the Civil War, Volume 3 Never Call Retreat. Garden City, 1965.
Catton, Bruce, U.S. Grant and the American Military Tradition. New York, 1954.
Causes of the Civil War, The ed. Edwin C. Rozwenc. Lexington, 1972.
Chaffin, Tom, Pathfinder: John Charles Fremont and the Course of American Empire. New York, 2002.
Chernow, Ron, Grant. New York, 2017.
Chronicle of America ed. Clifton Daniel and John W. Kirshon. Mount Kisco, 1989.
Civil War, The: The First Year Told by Those Who Lived It ed. Brooks D. Simpson et al. New York, 2011.
Clary, David A., Eagles or Empire: The United States, Mexico, and the Struggle for a Continent. New York, 2009.
Clinton, Robert N., Nell Jessup Newton and Monroe E. Price, American Indian Law. Charlottesville, 1991.
Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, The, 8 Volumes ed. Roy P. Baster. New Brunswick, 1953.
Commager, Henry Steele, The Era of Reform 1830-1860. Princeton, 1960.
Conscience in America: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objection in America 1757-1967 ed Lillian Schlissel. New York, 1968.
Coulter, E. Merton, Georgia: A Short History. Chapel Hill, 1960.
Crocker, H. W. III, Don’t Tread on Me: A 400-Year History of America at War, from Indian Fighting to Terrorist Hunting. New York, 2006.
Current, Richard N., John C. Calhoun. New York, 1963.
Curtis, George Ticknor, Life of James Buchanan: Fifteenth President of the United States, Volume II. New York, 1883.
Cushman, Robert E. and Robert F., Cases in Constitutional Law. New York, 1965.
Darrah, William Culp, Powell of the Colorado. Princeton, 1951.
De Bruhl, Marshall, Sword of San Jacinto: A Life of Sam Houston. New York, 1993.
De Voto, Bernard, The Year of Decision 1846. Boston, 1943.
DeConde, Alexander, A History of American Foreign Policy. New York, 1971.
DeConde, Alexander, This Affair of Louisiana. Baton Rouge, 1976.
Denney, Robert E., The Civil War Years: A Day-by-Day Chronicle of the Life of a Nation. New York, 1992.
DeRosa, Marshall L., The Politics of Dissolution: The Quest for a National Identity & the American Civil War. New Brunswick, 1998.
DiLorenzo, Thomas, The Real Lincoln. Roseville, 2002.
Documents of American History ed. Henry Steele Commager. New York, 1963.
Donald, David Herbert, Charles Sumner. New York, 1996.
Donald, David, Charles Sumner and the Rights of Man. New York, 1970.
Donald, David Herbert, Lincoln. New York, 1995.
Doughty, Howard, Francis Parkman. Westport, 1962.
Douglas, Marjory Stoneman, Florida: The Long Frontier. New York, 1967.
Dozer, Donald Marquand, Portrait of a Free State: A History of Maryland. Cambridge, 1976.
Dryden, Cecil, Dryden’s History of Washington. Portland, 1968.
Duberman, Martin, Charles Francis Adams 1807-1886. Stanford, 1960.
Encyclopedia of American Biography ed. John A. Garraty. New York, 1974.
Encyclopedia of American History, 2 volumes ed. Richard B. Morris. New York, 1953.
Etcheson, Nicole, Bleeding Kansas: Contested Liberty in the Civil War Era. Lawrence, 2004.
Farber, Daniel, Lincoln’s Constitution. Chicago, 2003.
Fehrenbacher, Don E., The Era of Expansion: 1800-1848. New York, 1969.
Finger, John R., Tennessee Frontiers: Three Regions in Transition. Bloomington, 2001.
Fiske, John, Civil Government in the United States Considered with Some Reference to its Origins. Cambridge, 1902.
Fletcher, George P., Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy. Oxford, 2001.
Foner, Eric, Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. Oxford, 1970.
Foner, Eric, Give Me Liberty! An American History. New York, 2006.
Foote, Shelby, The Civil War: A Narrative, 3 volumes. New York, 1958, 1963 and 1974.
Freehling, William W., The Road to Disunion, Volume 1: Secessionists at Bay 1776-1854. Oxford, 1990.
Furnas, J. C., The Americans: A Social History of the United States. New York, 1969.
Gara, Larry, The Presidency of Franklin Pierce. Lawrence, 1991.
Gates, Paul W., The Farmer’s Age: Agriculture 1815-1860. New York, 1960.
Goetzmann, William H., New Lands, New Men: America and the Second Great Age of Discovery. New York, 1986.
Goodwin, Doris Kearns, Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York, 2005.
Graham, Hugh Davis and Ted Robert Gurr, Violence in America: Historical and Comparative Perspectives, Volume 1. Washington, 1969.
Grant, Ulysses S., Memoirs and Selected Letters. New York, 1990.
Gray, Wood, The Hidden Civil War: The Story of the Copperheads. New York, 1942.
Great American Political Thinkers, Vol. 1 ed. Bernard E. Brown. New York, 1983.
Great Issues in American History From the Revolution to the Civil War, 1765-1865 ed. Richard Hofstadter. New York, 1958.
Greenberg, Amy S., A Wicked War: Polk, Clay, Lincoln, and the 1846 U.S. Invasion of Mexico. New York, 2012.
Grimsley, Mark, The Hard Hand of War: Union Military Policy Toward Southern Civilians, 1861-1865. Cambridge, 1995.
Grove, John G., John C. Calhoun’s Theory of Republicanism. Lawrence, 2016.
Guardino, Peter, The Dead March: A History of the Mexican-American War. Cambridge, 2017.
Guelzo, Allen C., Lincoln and Douglas: The Debates that Defined America. New York, 2008.
Haley, James L., Texas: An Album of History. Garden City, 1985.
Handlin, Lilian, George Bancroft: The Intellectual as Democrat. New York, 1984.
Harris, William C., Lincoln’s Rise to the Presidency. Lawrence, 2007.
Harrison, Lowell H. and James C. Klotter, A New History of Kentucky. Lexington, 1997.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, The Life of Franklin Pierce. Boston, 1852.
Hendrick, Burton J., Lincoln’s War Cabinet. Garden City, 1946.
Herndon’s Life of Lincoln. Greenwich, 1961.
Hine, Robert V., The American West: An Interpretive History. Boston, 1973.
Holland, Frederic May, Frederick Douglass: The Colored Orator. Toronto, 1891.
Holland, J. G., The Life of Lincoln. Springfield, 1866.
Holt, Michael F., The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. Oxford, 1999.
Horgan, Paul, Josiah Gregg and His Vision of the Early West. New York, 1979.
Howe, Daniel Walker, What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848. Oxford, 2007.
Huston, James L., Stephen A. Douglas and the Dilemmas of Democratic Equality. Lanham, 2007.
Irons, Peter, A People’s History of the Supreme Court. New York, 1999.
James Buchanan and the Political Crisis of the 1850s ed. Michael J. Birkner. London, 1996.
James, Marquis, The Raven: A Biography of Sam Houston. New York, 1929.
Johannsen, Robert W., Stephen A. Douglas. New York, 1973.
Keleher, William A., Turmoil in New Mexico 1846-1868. Santa Fe, 1952.
Klingaman, William K., Abraham Lincoln and the Road to Emancipation 1861-1865. New York, 2001.
Leckie, Robert, The Wars of America. New York, 1981.
Lee, James Melvin, History of American Journalism. Garden City, 1923.
Levy, Leonard W., Freedom of Speech and Press in Early American History: Legacy of Suppression. New York, 1963.
Lewis, Lloyd, Sherman: Fighting Prophet. New York, 1932.
Lincoln, The Collected Works of Abraham, 8 Volumes ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, 1953.
Lincoln, Recollected Words of Abraham ed. Don E. and Virginia Fehrenbacher. Stanford, 1996.
Lipset, Seymour Martin and Earl Raab, The Politics of Unreason: Right-Wing Extremism in America, 1790-1977. Chicago, 1978.
Livermore, Ariel Abbot, The War with Mexico Reviewed. Boston, 1850.
Lodge, Henry Cabot and Theodore Roosevelt, Hero Tales from American History. New York, 1904.
Mahoney, Barbara S., The Salem Clique: Oregon’s Founding Brothers. Corvallis, 2017.
Many Pasts: Readings in American Social History, 1600-1876 ed. Herbert G. Gutman and Gregory S. Kealey. Englewood Cliffs, 1973.
Martin, François-Xavier, The History of Louisiana from the Earliest Period. New Orleans, 1882.
Mary Chestnut’s Civil War ed. C. Vann Woodward. New Haven, 1981.
McClintock, Russell, Lincoln and the Decision for War: The Northern Response to Secession. Chapel Hill, 2008.
McFeely, William S., Grant: A Biography. New York, 1981.
McKanna, Clare V., Jr., Race and Homicide in Nineteenth-Century California. Reno, 2002.
McDougall, Walter A., Throes of Democracy: the American Civil War Era 1829-1877. New York, 2008.
McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York, 1988.
Merk, Frederick, History of the Westward Movement. New York, 1978.
Merry, Robert W., A Country of Vast Designs: James K. Polk, the Mexican War, and the Conquest of the American Continent. New York, 2009.
Messages and Papers of the Presidents 1789-1908 ed. James D. Richardson, Volumes 1-6. Washington, 1897.
Miller, William Lee, Lincoln’s Virtues: An Ethical Biography. New York, 2002.
Miller, William Lee, President Lincoln: The Duty of a Statesman. New York, 2008.
Mitgang, Herbert, Abraham Lincoln: A Press Portrait. New York, 2000.
Myers, Gustavus, History of Bigotry in the United States. New York, 1960.
Nagel, Paul C., Descent from Glory: Four Generations of the John Adams Family. New York, 1983.
Neely, Mark E., The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties. New York, 1991.
Nevins, Allan, The Emergence of Lincoln, 2 volumes. New York, 1950.
Nevins, Allan, Ordeal of the Union, Volume I: Fruits of Manifest Destiney 1847-1852. New York, 1947.
Nevins, Allan, Ordeal of the Union, Volume II: A House Dividing 1852-1857. New York, 1947.
Nevins, Allan, The War for the Union, 4 volumes. New York, 1959, 1960, 1971.
New History of Florida, The ed. Michael Gannon. Gainesville, 1996.
Nicolay, John G. and John Hay, Abraham Lincoln: A History, 10 volumes. New York, 1890.
Niven, John, John C. Calhoun and the Price of Union. Baton Rouge, 1988.
Niven, John, Salmon P. Chase: A Biography. New York, 1995.
Oliver, Robert T., History of Public Speaking in America. Boston, 1964.
Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States, The ed. Kermit L. Hall. New York, 1992.
Packard, Jerrold M., The Lincolns in the White House. New York, 2005.
Parkman, Francis, The Oregon Trail. New York, 1991.
Pennsylvania: A History, Volume 2 ed. George P. Donehoo. New York, 1926.
Perret, Geoffrey, Lincoln’s War: The Untold Story of America’s Greatest President as Command in Chief. New York, New York, 2004.
Perret, Geoffrey, Ulysses S. Grant: Soldier & President. New York, 1997.
Perrigo, Lynn I., Texas and Our Spanish Southwest. Dallas, 1960.
Peterson, Merrill D., The Great Triumvirate: Webster, Clay, and Calhoun. New York, 1987.
Pratt, Fletcher, Civil War in Pictures. Garden City, 1955.
Presser, Stephen B. and Jamil S. Zainaldin, Law and American History: Cases and Materials. St. Paul, 1980.
Rable, George C., The Confederate Republic: A Revolution Against Politics. Chapel Hill, 1994.
Randall, J. G., Lincoln the President, 4 volumes. New York, 1945, 1952, 1955.
Randall, Ruth Painter, Mary Lincoln: Biography of a Marriage. Boston, 1953.
Reader’s Encyclopedia of the American West, The ed. Howard R. Lamar. New York, 1977.
Readings in California History ed. N. Ray Gilmore and Gladys Gilmore. New York, 1966.
Record of American Diplomacy, The: Documents and Readings in the History of American Foreign Relations ed. Ruhl J. Bartlett. New York, 1947.
Remini, Robert V., Daniel Webster: The Man and His Time. New York, 1997.
Remini, Robert V., Henry Clay: Statesman for the Union. New York, 1991.
Retrieving the American Past: A Customized U.S. History Reader ed. Majewski. Needham Heights, 2000.
Richards, Leonard L., The California Gold Rush and the Coming of the Civil War. New York, 2007.
Richman, Irving Berdine, Rhode Island: Its Making and Its Meaning. New York, 1908.
Riddle, Donald W., Congressman Abraham Lincoln. Urbana, 1957.
Robert E. Lee Reader, The ed. Stanley F. Horn. New York, 1949.
Rohrbough, Malcolm J., Trans-Appalachian Frontier: People, Societies, and Institutions, 1775-1850. Bloomington, 2008.
Ross, Ishbel, Angel of the Battlefield: The Life of Clara Barton. New York, 1956.
Ross, Ishbel, Presidents’ Wife: Mary Todd Lincoln, The. New York, 1973.
Ross, Shelley, Fall from Grace: Sex, Scandal, and Corruption in American Politics from 1702 to the Present. New York, 1988.
Royce, Josiah, California: A Study of American Character from the Conquest in 1846 to the Second Vigilance Committee in San Francisco. Santa Clara, 2002.
Sanborn, F. B., Dr. S. G. Howe: The Philanthropist. New York, 1891.
Sandburg, Carl, Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years, 2 volumes. New York, 1926.
Sandburg, Carl, Abraham Lincoln: The War Years, 4 volumes. New York, 1939.
Scarry, Robert J., Millard Fillmore. Jefferson, 2001.
Schurz, Carl, Henry Clay, 2 Volumes. Boston, 1899.
Shenk, Joshua Wolf, Lincoln’s Melancholy. Boston, 2005.
Sheridan, Thomas E., Arizona: A History. Tucson, 2012.
Sheriff, Carol, The Artificial River: The Erie Canal and the Paradox of Progress 1817-1862. New York, 1996.
Sides, Hampton, Blood and Thunder: An Epic of the American West. New York, 2006.
Slotkin, Richard, Regeneration Through Violence: The Mythology of the American Frontier, 1600-1860. Middletown, 1973.
Smith, Elbert, The Presidencies of Zachary Taylor & Millard Fillmore. Lawrence, 1988.
Smith, Elbert B., The Presidency of James Buchanan. Lawrence, 1975.
Smith, Jean Edward, Grant. New York, 2001.
Smith, Page, The Shaping of America: A People’s History of the Ante-bellum Years. New York, 1980.
Smith, Page, Trial by Fire: A People’s History of the Civil War and Reconstruction. New York, 1982.
Snyder, Charles M., The Lady and the President: The Letters of Dorothea Dix & Millard Fillmore. Lexington, 1975.
Southern Pamphlets on Secession: November 1860-April 1861 ed. Jon L. Wakelyn. Chapel Hill, 1996.
Stampp, Kenneth M., America in 1857: A Nation on the Brink. New York, 1990.
Steiner, Mark E., An Honest Calling: The Law Practice of Abraham Lincoln. Dekalb, 2006.
Stern, Philip Van Doren, Secret Missions of the Civil War. New York, 1959.
Stout, Harry S., Upon the Altar of the Nation: A Moral History of the American Civil War. New York, 2006.
Tarbell, Ida M., The Life of Abraham Lincoln, 4 volumes. New York, 1900.
Tripp, C. A., The Intimate World of Abraham Lincoln. New York, 2005.
Turner, Justin G. and Linda Levitt Turner, Mary Todd Lincoln: Her Life and Letters. New York, 1972.
Wallace, Edward S., Destiny and Glory. Toronto, 1957.
Wilson, Douglas L., Honor’s Voice: The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln. New York, 1998.
Wilson, Douglas L., Lincoln’s Sword: The Presidency and the Power of Words. New York, 2006.
Woldman, Albert A., Lincoln and the Russians. New York, 1952.
Woodward, C. Vann, The Burden of Southern History. New York, 1960.
Wright, William C., The Secession Movement in the Middle Atlantic States. Rutherford, 1973.
Zinn, Howard, A People’s History of the United States. New York, 1980.

Native Americans

Anson, Bert, The Miami Indians. Norman, 1970.
Axelrod, Alan, Chronicle of the Indian Wars. New York, 1993.
Brown, Dee, The American West. New York, 1994.
Clinton, Robert N., et al, American Indian Law: Cases and Materials. Charlottesville, 1991.
Destruction of California Indians, The ed. Robert F. Heizer. Lincoln, 1974.
Douthit, Nathan, Uncertain Encounters: Indians and Whites at Peace and War in Southern Oregon 1820s to 1860s. Corvallis, 2002.
Ehle, John, Trail of Tears: The Rise and Fall of the Cherokee Nation. New York, 1988.
Encyclopedia of North American Indians ed. Frederick E. Hoxie. Boston, 1996.
Foreman, Grant, The Five Civilized Tribes. Norman, 1934.
Great Documents in American Indian History ed. Wayne Moquin. New York, 1973.
Green, Michael D., The Politics of Indian Removal: Creek Government and Society in Crisis. Lincoln, 1982.
Grinnell, George Bird, The Fighting Cheyennes. Norman, 1915.
Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 15: Northeast ed. Bruce G. Trigger. Washington, 1978.
Himmel, Kelly F., The Conquest of the Karankawas and the Tonkawas 1821-1859. College Station, 1999.
Indian and the White Man, The ed. Wilcomb E.  Washburn. Garden City, 1964.
Indians of the North Pacific Coast ed. Tom McFeat. Seattle, 1966.
Josephy, Alvin M., The Indian Heritage of America. New York, 1968.
Josephy, Alvin M. Jr., 500 Nations: An Illustrated History of North American Indians. New York, 1994.
Josephy, Alvin M., The Nez Perce Indians and the Opening of the Northwest. Boston, 1997.
Josephy, Alvin M. Jr., The Patriot Chiefs. New York, 1989.
Kavanaugh, Thomas W., Comanche Political History: An Ethnohistorical Perspective 1706-1875. Lincoln, 1996.
Kidwell, Clara Sue, Choctaws and Missionaries in Mississippi, 1818-1918. Norman, 1995.
Kluckhohn and Dorothea Leighton, The Navaho. Garden City, 1962.
Lyons, Oren et al, Exiled in the Land of the Free: Democracy, Indian Nations, and the U.S. Constitution. Santa Fe, 1992.
Madley, Benjamin, An American Genocide: The United States and the California Indian Catastrophe, 1846-1873. New Haven, 2016.
Marks, Paula Mitchell, In a Barren Land: American Indian Dispossession and Survival. New York, 1998.
McNitt, Frank, Navajo Wars: Military Campaigns, Slave Raids and Reprisals. University of New Mexico Press, 1972.
Meyer, Roy W., History of the Santee Sioux: United States Indian Policy on Trial. Lincoln, 1993.
Myers, J. Jay, Red Chiefs and White Challengers. New York, 1972.
Native American Testimony: A Chronicle of Indian-White Relations from Prophecy to the Present, 1492-1992 ed. Peter Nabokov. New York, 1991.
Nichols, Roger L., Warrior Nations: The United States and Indian Peoples. Norman, 2013.
Oregon Indians: Voices from Two Centuries ed. Stephen Dow Beckham. Corvallis, 2006.
Phillips, George Harwood, “Bringing Them under Subjection”: California’s Tejon Indian Reservation and Beyond, 1852-1864. Lincoln, 2004.
Portable North American Indian Reader, The ed. Frederick W. Turner III. New York, 1974.
Secrest, William B., When the Great Spirit Died: The Destruction of the California Indians 1850-1860. Sanger, 2003.
Silverman, David J., Thundersticks: Firearms and the Violent Transformation of Native America. Cambridge, 2016.
St. Jean, Wendy, Remaining Chickasaw in Indian Territory, 1830s-1907. Tuscaloosa, 2011.
Thomas, David et al, The Native Americans: An Illustrated History. Atlanta, 1993.
Weatherford, Jack, Native Roots: How the Indians Enriched America. New York, 1991.
Woodward, Grace Steele, The Cherokees. Norman, 1963.

American Slavery & Abolitionists

Abolition Movement, The ed. James Tackach. Detroit, 2005.
Abolitionism and American Politics and Government ed. John R. McKivigan. New York, 1999.
Against Slavery: An Abolitionist Reader ed. Mason Lowance. New York, 2000.
Ante-Bellum: Writings of George Fitzhugh and Hinton Rowan Helper on Slavery ed. Harvey Wish. New York, 1960.
Aptheker, Herbert, American Negro Slave Revolts. New York, 1969.
Baptist, Edward E., The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism. New York, 2014.
Bennett, Lerone Jr., Before the Mayflower: A History of the Negro in America 1619-1964. Baltimore, 1964.
Black Protest: History, Documents, and Analyses 1619 to the Present ed. Joanne Grant. New York, 1968.
Black Women in White America: A Documentary History ed. Gerda Lerner. New York, 1972.
Blight, David W., Frederick Douglass: Prophet of Freedom. New York, 2018.
Chronological History of the Negro in America, The ed. Peter M. Bergman. New York, 1969.
Clinton, Catherine, Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom. New York, 2004.
Davis, David Brion, The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture. Ithaca, 1966.
Douglass, Life and Times of Frederick: Written by Himself: His Early Life as a Slave, His Escape from Bondage, and His Complete History. New York, 1962.
Douglass, Frederick, My Bondage and My Freedom. Urbana, 1987.
Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick: An American Slave Written by Himself. Middlesex, 1982.
Douglass, The Speeches of Frederick ed. John R. McKivigan et al. New Haven, 2018.
Elkins, Stanley M., Slavery: A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life. New York, 1963.
Ericson, David F., Slavery in the American Republic. Lawrence, 2011.
Eyewitness: A Living Documentary of the African American Contribution to American History ed. William Loren Katz. New York, 1995.
Filler, Louis, Crusade Against Slavery 1830-1860. New York, 1960.
Filler, Louis, Slavery in the United States of America ed. New York, 1972.
Fogel, Robert William and Stanley L. Engerman, Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery. Boston, 1974.
Foner, Philip S., The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass, 4 volumes. New York, 1950.
Franklin, John Hope and Alfred A. Moses Jr., From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans. New York, 1994.
Free at Last: A Documentary History of Slavery, Freedom, and the Civil War ed. Ira Berlin. New York, 1992.
Garrison, Selections from the Writings and Speeches of William Lloyd. New York, 1852.
Gates, Henry Louis Jr., Life Upon These Shores: Looking at African American History. New York, 2011.
Genovese, Eugene D., Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York, 1974.
Grimké, Archibald H., William Lloyd Garrison: The Abolitionist. New York, 1891.
Holcomb, Julie L., Moral Commerce: Quakers and the Transatlantic Boycott of the Slave Labor Economy. Ithaca, 2016.
Holland, Frederic May, Frederick Douglass: The Colored Orator. Toronto, 1891.
Jacobs, Harriet, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl Written by Herself with “A True Tale of Slavery by John S. Jacobs. New York, 2000.
Johnson, Michael P., and James L. Roark, Black Masters: A Free Family of Color in the Old South. New York, 1984.
Katz, William Loren, Eye Witness: A Living Documentary of the African American Contribution to American History. New York, 1995.
Laurie, Bruce, Beyond Garrison: Antislavery and Social Reform. Cambridge, 2005.
Mabee, Carleton, Black Freedom: The Nonviolent Abolitionists from 1830 Through the Civil War. London, 1970.
Martyn, Carlos, Wendell Phillips: The Agitator. New York, 1890.
McDaniel, W. Caleb, The Problem of Democracy in the Age of Slavery: Garrisonian Abolitionists & Transatlantic Reform. Baton Rouge, 2013.
McFeely, William S., Frederick Douglass. New York, 1991.
Negro in American History, The, Vol. 3: Slaves and Masters 1567-1854 ed. Charles Van Doren. Chicago, 1972.
Northrup, Solomon, 12 Years a Slave: A True Story of Betrayal, Kidnap and Slavery. London, 1853.
Olmsted, Frederick Law, Slave States (Before the Civil War). New York, 1959.
Painter, Nell Irvin, Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol. New York, 1996.
Perry, Lewis, Radical Abolitionism: Anarchy and the Government of God in Antislavery Thought. Ithaca, 1973.
Quakers and Abolition ed. Brycchan Carey and Geoffrey Plank. Urbana, 2014.
Schermerhorn, Calvin, The Business of Slavery and the Rise of American Capitalism, 1815-1860. New Haven, 2015.
Sinha, Manisha, The Slave’s Cause: A History of Abolition. New Haven, 2016.
Slave Narratives ed. William L. Andrews and Henry Louis Gates Jr. New York, 2000.
Slavery and the Southern Economy: Sources and Readings ed. Harold D. Woodman. New York, 1966.
Slavery Attacked: The Abolitionist Crusade ed. John L. Thomas. Englewood Cliffs, 1965.
Slavery Defended: the views of The Old South ed. Eric L. McKitrick. Englewood Cliffs, 1963.
Slavery in North America: From the Colonial Period to Emancipation, Volume 3: The Antebellum Period ed. Jonathan Daniel Wells. London, 2009.
Sojourner Truth, Narrative of: A Bondswoman of Olden Time With a History of Her Labors and Correspondence Drawn from her Book of Life; Also, A Memorial Chapter. New York, 1998.
Stampp, Kenneth M., The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South. New York, 1956.
Stewart, James Brewer, Joshua A. Giddings and the Tactics of Radical Politics. Cleveland,1970.
Thomas, John L., The Liberator: William Lloyd Garrison. Boston, 1963.
Washington, Harriet A., Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present. New York, 2006.

Women Reforming America

Bacon, Margaret Hope, Valiant Friend: The Life of Lucretia Mott. New York, 1980.
Bird, Isabella Lucy, The Englishwoman in America. Madison, 1966.
Blanchard, Paula, Margaret Fuller: From Transcendental-ism to Revolution. New York, 1978.
Brown, Dee, The Gentle Tamers: Women of the Old Wild West. New York, 1958.Brown, Thomas J., Dorothea Dix: New England Reformer. Cambridge, 1998.
Brown, Thomas J., Dorothea Dix: New England Reformer. Cambridge, 1998.
Chevigny, Bell Gale, The Woman and the Myth: Margaret Fuller’s Life and Writings. New York, 1976.
Feminism: The Essential Historical Writings ed. Miriam Schneir. New York, 1972.
Flexner, Eleanor, Century of Struggle: The Woman’s Rights Movement in the United States. Cambridge, 1975.
Friedman, Jean E. and William G. Slade, Our American Sisters: Women in American Life and Thought. Lexington, 1982.
Fuller, Margaret, The Essential Margaret Fuller. New Brunswick, 1992.
Fuller Ossoli, Margaret, Woman in the Nineteenth Century Relating to the Sphere, Condition and Duties, of Woman. Boston, 1855.
Fuller, Margaret, Woman in the Nineteenth Century and Other Writings. Oxford, 1994.
Gollaher, David, Voice for the Mad: The Life of Dorothea Dix. New York, 1995.
Hayden, Dolores, The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of Feminist Designs for American Homes Neighborhoods, and Cities. Cambridge, 1981.
History of Woman Suffrage, Volume 1 ed. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Matilda Joslyn Gage. New York, 1969.
Hymowitz, Carol and Michaele Weissman, A History of Women in America. New York, 1978.
Karcher, Carolyn L., The First Woman in the Republic: A Cultural Biography of Lydia Maria Child, 2 volumes. Durham, 1994.
Lerner, Gerda, The Grimké Sisters from South Carolina. New York, 1967.
Lydia Maria Child Reader, A ed. Carolyn L. Karcher. Durham, 1997.
Marshall, Megan, Margaret Fuller: A New American Life. Boston, 2013.
Matteson, John, The Lives of Margaret Fuller. New York, 2012.
Perkins, A. J. G. and Theresa Wolfson, Frances Wright Free Enquirer: The Study of a Temperament. Philadelphia, 1939.
Pioneers of Women’s Education in the United States: Emma Willard, Catherine Beecher, Mary Lyon ed. Willystine Goodsell. New York, 1931.
Root of Bitterness: Documents of the Social History of American Women ed. Nancy F. Cott. Boston, 1972.
Schlissel, Lillian, Women’s Diaries of the Westward Journey. New York, 1982.
Sherr, Lynn, Failure Is Impossible: Susan B. Anthony in Her Own Words. New York, 1995.
Sklar, Kathryn Kish, Catharine Beecher: A Study in American Domesticity. New York, 1973.
Sochen, June, Herstory: A Woman’s View of American History. New York, 1974.
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, Eighty Years & More: Reminiscences 1815-1897. New York,  1971.
Stratton, Joanna L., Pioneer Women: Voices from the Kansas Frontier. New York, 1981.
Tyler, Alice Felt, Freedom’s Ferment: Phases of American Social History from the Colonial Period to the Outbreak of the Civil War. New York, 1944.
Underside of American History, The, Volume 1: to 1877 ed. Thomas R. Frazier. New York, 1978.
Unequal Sisters: A Multicultural Reader in U.S. Women’s History ed. Vicki L. Ruiz & Ellen Carol Dubois. New York, 2000.
Wilson, Dorothy Clarke, Stranger and Traveler: The Story of Dorothea Dix, American Reformer. Boston, 1975.
Woloch, Nancy, Women and the American Experience. New York, 1984.
Women’s America: Refocusing the Past ed. Linda K. Kerber and Jane De Hart Mathews. New York, 1982.

American Philosophy & Religion

Allen, Gay Wilson, Waldo Emerson. New York, 1981.
Ahlstrom, Sydney E., A Religious History of the American People. New Haven, 1972.
Andrews, Edward Deming, The People Called Shakers: A Search for the Perfect Society. New York, 1963.
Beck, Sanderson, Guides to Peace and Justice: From Ancient Sages to the Suffragettes. Santa Barbara, 2011.
Bennett, Richard E., Mormons at the Missouri Winter Quarters, 1846-1852. Norman, 1987.
Bigler, David L., Forgotten Kingdom: The Mormon Theocracy in the American West 1847-1896. Spokane, 1998.
Book of Mormon, The tr. Joseph Smith, Jun. Salt Lake City, 1981.
Brock, Peter, Pioneers of the Peaceable Kingdom. Princeton, 1968.
Brock, Peter, Radical Pacifists in Antebellum America. Princeton, 1968.
Canby, Henry Seidel, Thoreau. Boston, 1939.
Ceadel, Martin, The Origins of War Prevention: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1730-1854. Oxford, 1996.
Commager, Henry Steele, Theodore Parker: Yankee Crusader. Boston, 1960.
Conscience in America: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objection in America 1757-1967 ed. Lillian Schlissel. New York, 1968.
Cooney, Robert and Helen Michalowski, The Power of the People: Active Nonviolence in the United States. Culver City, 1977.
Curti, Merle Eugene, The American Peace Crusade 1815-1860. New York, 1929.
Documentary History of Religion in America to the Civil War, A ed. Edwin S. Gaustad. Grand Rapids, 1982.
Documentary History of the Jews in the United States 1654-1875, A ed. Morris U. Schappes. New York, 1971.
Documents on Fundamental Human Rights, Vol. 1 ed. Zechariah Chafee, Jr. New York, 1952.
Emerson, The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo, 2 volumes. New York, 1929.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, Essay & Lectures. New York, 1983.
Essential Transcendentalists, The ed. Richard G. Geldard. New York, 2005.
Great American Political Thinkers, Vol. 1 ed. Bernard E. Brown. New York, 1983.
Gura, Philip F., American Transcendentalism: A History. New York, 2007.
Gutjahr, The Book of Mormon: A Biography. Princeton, 2012.
Hibben, Paxton, Henry Ward Beecher: An American Portrait. New York, 1942.
Krutch, Joseph Wood, Henry David Thoreau. New York, 1948.
Madison, Charles A., Critics & Crusaders. New York, 1948.
McWilliams, Wilson  Carey, The Idea of Fraternity in America. Berkeley, 1973.
Nonviolence in America: A Documentary History ed. Staughton Lynd and Alice Lynd. Maryknoll, 1995.
Nordhoff, Charles, The Communistic Societies of the United States. New York, 1965.
Noyes, John Humphrey, Strange Cults & Utopias of 19th-Century America. 1966.
Parrington, Vernon Louis, Main Currents in American Thought, 3 volumes. New York, 1930.
Phelps, Christina, The Anglo-American Peace Movement in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. Freeport, 1930.
Reform Spirit in America, The ed. Robert H. Walker. New York, 1976.
Richardson, Robert D., Henry Thoreau: A Life of the Mind. Berkeley, 1986.
Roberts, B. H., A Comprehensive History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Century 1, 6 volumes. Provo, 1957.
Rusk, Ralph, The Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson, New York, 1949.
Shepard, Odell, Pedlar’s Progress: The Life of Bronson Alcott. Boston, 1937.
Stokes, Anson Phelps and Leo Pfeffer, Church and State in the United States. New York, 1964.
Sumner, Charles, Addresses on War. New York, 1971.
Taves, Ernest H., This is the Place: Brigham Young and the New Zion. Buffalo, 1991.
Thoreau, Henry David, The Annotated Walden ed. Philip Van Doren Stern. New York, 1970.
Thoreau, Henry David, Walden and Civil Disobedience: Authoritative Texts, Background, Reviews and Essays in Criticism ed. Owen Thomas. New York, 1966.
Thoreau, Henry David, Cape Cod. New York, 1961.
Thoreau, Henry David, Excursions. New York, 1962.
Thoreau, Henry David, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers. New York, 1961.
Transcendentalists, The ed. Perry Miller. Cambridge, 1950.
Turner, John G., Brigham Young: Pioneer Prophet. Cambridge, 2012.
Walls, Laura Dassow, Henry David Thoreau: A Life. Chicago, 2017.
Werner, M. R., Brigham Young. New York, 1925.

American Literature

Allen, Gay Wilson, Walt Whitman. Detroit, 1969.
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, Essays and Miscellany. San Francisco, 1890.
Brooks, Van Wyck, The Times of Melville and Whitman. Scranton, 1947.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, Blithedale Romance: An Authoritative Text Backgrounds and Sources Criticism. New York, 1978.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, The House of the Seven Gables: An Authoritative Text Backgrounds and Sources Essays in Criticism. New York, 1967.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, The Scarlet Letter: An Authoritative Text Backgrounds and Sources Essays in Criticism. New York, 1962.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, Selected Tales and Sketches. San Francisco, 1970.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, Tales, Sketches, and Other Papers. Boston, 1883.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, Twice-Told Tales. Roslyn, no date.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, A Wonder Book. New York, 1968.
Hillway, Tyrus, Herman Melville. Indianapolis, 1979.
Howe, Julia Ward, Reminiscences 1819-1899. Boston, 1899.
Lawrence, D. H., Studies in Classic American Literature. Garden City, 1951.
Literary History of the United States ed. Robert E. Spiller et al. London, 1963.
Longfellow, The Complete Poetical Works of Henry Wadsworth Cabinet Edition. Boston, 1908.
Lowell, The Complete Poetical Works of James Russell Cambridge Edition. Boston, 1896.
Melville, Herman, Billy Budd and Other Tales. New York, 1979.
Melville, Herman, Billy Budd, Benito Cereno and The Enchanted Isles. New York, 1942.
Melville, Herman, The Confidence Man: His Masquerade An Authoritative Text Backgrounds and Sources Reviews Criticism an Annotated Bibliography ed. Hershel Parker. New York, 1971.
Melville, Herman, Israel Potter: His Fifty Years of Exile. Evanston, 1982.
Melville, Herman, Moby-Dick: An Authoritative Text Reviews and Letters by Melville Analogues and Sources Criticism ed. Harrison Hayford and Hershel Parker. New York, 1967.
Melville, Herman, Redburn: His First Voyage. Middlesex, 1976.
Melville, Herman, Redburn, White Jacket, Moby-Dick. New York, 1983.
Melville, Herman, Typee. New York, 1958.
Mumford, Lewis, Herman Melville. New York, 1929.
Parrington, Vernon Louis, Main Currents in American Thought: An Interpretation of American Literature from the Beginnings to 1920. New York, 1930.
Smith, Henry Nash, Virgin Land: The American West as Symbol and Myth. New York, 1950.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, Uncle Tom’s Cabin: Authoritative text backgrounds and contexts criticism ed. Elizabeth Ammons. New York, 1994.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, Uncle Tom’s Cabin: Authoritative text backgrounds and contexts criticism ed. Elizabeth Ammons. New York, 1994.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, Uncle Tom’s Cabin or Life among the Lowly ed. Ann Douglas. New York, 1981.
Tharp, Louise Hall, Three Saints and a Sinner: Julia Ward Howe, Louisa, Anne and Sam Ward. Boston, 1956.
Whitman, Walt, Leaves of Grass ed. Emory Holloway. Garden City, 1926.
Whitman, Walt, Selected Poems 1855-1892 ed. Gary Schimidgall. New York, 1999.

Copyright © 2020-2021 by Sanderson Beck

United States & Civil War 1845-1865 has been published as a book. For ordering information, please click here.

Polk & the US-Mexican War 1845-49
US of Taylor, Clay & Fillmore 1849-52
US of Pierce & Kansas Conflicts 1853-56
US Western Expansion & Indians 1845-65
Black Americans & Abolitionists 1845-65
United States & Buchanan 1857-59
United States Dividing 1860-61
Lincoln’s War for Union in 1861
Lincoln’s War for Union in 1862
Lincoln’s War for Emancipation in 1863
Lincoln’s War for Emancipation in 1864
United States Victory in 1865
Preventing United States Civil War
US Peacemakers & Women Reformers 1845-65
American Literature 1845-65
Summary & Evaluating United States 1845-1865
Lincoln's Last Day
Bibliography

ETHICS OF CIVILIZATION Index
World Chronology
Chronology of America

BECK index