53 BC-18 CE Confucian philosopher Yang Xiong wrote. China
43 BC-28 CE Huan Tan criticized Confucians. China
33-7 Cheng-di ruled China.
30-7 Satavana king Simuka ruled Andhra in India.
30 BC-14 CE Octavian Augustus ruled the Roman empire.
30 Herod had Hyrcanus executed.
30 Hillel came to Judea and began teaching.
29 Propertius published poems.
29-17 Vattagamani ruled island of Lanka. India
29 Herod had his wife Mariamme executed.
28 Bastarnae, Moesians and Thracians conquered by Rome.
27 Octavian given the name Augustus.
26 Romans secured sea trade to Somalia and India.
25 Romans sold Salassi tribe into slavery. Rome
24 Herod bought Egyptian grain to relieve famine.
23 Augustus consolidated power as imperator and tribune.
23 Roman army led by Petronius plundered Napata. Nubia
23 Horace published Odes.
22 Revolts by slaves in Chinese imperial iron works. China
22 Marcus Primus tried for making war on Thrace. Rome
c. 20 Buddhist Tripitaka was written in Pali. India
20 Rome made peace with the Parthians.
20 Herod began rebuilding temple at Jerusalem.
16 Rome annexed by force Noricum and Raetia.
14 Peasants revolted in China.
c. 13 Horace published Art of Poetry.
12 Augustus became chief priest in Rome.
10 New city Caesarea completed in Judea.
10 Tiberius married Augustus' daughter Julia.
9 Drusus died returning from Germany. Rome
7 Herod executed Aristobolus and Alexander.
c. 6 Jesus born to Mary in Bethlehem.
4 King Herod executed Antipater and died.
4 BC-6 CE Archelaus ruled Judea for Rome.
2 Lucius Caesar died at Massilia. Rome
3 Wang Mang had his son and hundreds executed.
4 Augustus adopted Tiberius.
6 Dalmatian army led by Bato defeated Romans. Rome
8 Ovid wrote Metamorphoses and banished by Augustus.
9 Three Roman legions destroyed in Teutoburg forest. Rome
9-23 Wang Mang ruled China.
11, 14 Famines caused cannibalism in China. Wang Mang's Revolution
14-37 Tiberius ruled Roman empire.
15-17 Roman army led by Germanicus invaded Germany. Rome
15-26 Valerius Gratus governed Judea for Rome.
16-38 Kutkannatissa ruled Lanka. India
17 Peasant rebellion in Shandong led by Mother Lu. Wang Mang's Revolution
17 Ovid died in exile.
17-24 Numidian Tacfarinas revolted against Rome.
19 Wang Mang taxed Chinese property twice.
19 Germanicus died in Syria. Rome
19 Virgil wrote the Aeneid and died at Brindisi.
19 Jewish and Egyptian religions banned in Italy. Rome
21, 25 Rome crushed uprisings in Thrace.
22 Red Eyebrows defeated imperial army in Liang. Wang Mang's Revolution
22 Tiberius got Drusus tribunician power.
22 End of Shaka Maues' 40-year rule of Pahlava India.
23 Han armies sacked Chang-an and killed Wang Mang.
23 Drusus poisoned by Sejanus. Rome
23-79 Elder Pliny wrote Natural History. Rome
25-57 Guang Wu Di ruled China. Later Han Empire
25-220 Later Han dynasty ruled China.
26 Tiberius retired from Rome to Capri.
26-36 Pontius Pilate governed Judea for Rome.
c. 27 John began baptizing people in Jordan River.
c. 27-30 Jesus taught in Israel.
28 Frisians revolted against Roman soldiers. Rome
c. 30 Jesus crucified by Romans at Jerusalem.
30-61 Peter, John, and James led new church in Jerusalem.
31 Sejanus consul and executed as traitor. Rome
32-38 Flaccus governed Egypt for Rome.
32-92 Ban Gu wrote histories in China. Later Han Empire
34-62 Poet Persius wrote Satires. Roman Literature
37-41 Caligula ruled Roman empire.
38 Historian Josephus born in Jerusalem. Judean and Roman Wars
38 Caligula's wife Drusilla died.
39 Lady Trung Trac led rebellion in Vietnam.
39 Caligula campaigned in Germany.
39-65 Lucan wrote epic poem Civil War. Roman Literature
c. 40-c. 120 Dio Chrysostom presented Discourses.
41 Seneca went into exile to Corsica.
41-44 Mauretanian revolt put down by Roman forces. Claudius
41-54 Claudius ruled Roman empire.
42 Revolt led by Annius Vinicianus quelled. Claudius
43 Han general Ma Yuan conquered northern Vietnam. Later Han Empire
43 Claudius made Lycia a province.
43 Claudius invaded Britain with four legions.
43-47 Aulus Plautius governed Britain for Rome. Claudius
44 Herod Agrippa died of illness. Claudius
c. 45 Philo Judaeus died in Alexandria.
c. 46 Barnabas and Saul in Antioch called Christians. Paul
46 Thrace annexed as a Roman province. Claudius
c. 46-c. 120 Plutarch wrote biographies and essays.
47 Claudius revived office of censor.
47-52 Ostorius Scapula governed Britain for Rome. Claudius
48 Ventidius Cumanus procurator of Judea and Samaria. Claudius
48 Rome counted 5,984,072 citizens. Claudius
48 Empress Messalina married Silius; both executed. Claudius
48 Claudius married his niece Agrippina.
49 Chinese recognized Puyo king in Manchuria. Later Han Empire
49 Claudius expelled Jews from Rome.
49-62 Seneca tutored and advised Nero.
c. 50 Ethiopian dynasty founded at Axum.
c. 50 Camels used for crossing Sahara desert. Africa
c. 50 Buddhist Surangama Sutra written in Sanskrit. India
50 Claudius adopted Nero.
c. 50-51 Paul preached in Corinth.
c. 50-c. 135 Epictetus taught Stoic philosophy.
51 War began between Armenia's Mithridates and Iberians. Claudius
52 Gallio began governing Achaea for Rome. Claudius
52-57 A. Didius governed Britain for Rome. Claudius
c. 52-68 Thomas established Syrian churches in Malabar. India
53 Taejo founded Koguryo state. Korea
53 Nero married Octavia, daughter of Claudius.
54-68 Nero ruled Roman empire.
57 Paul wrote letter to Romans.
57 Nero forbade killing in circus contests.
58 Suillius banished by Nero.
59 Romans burned Artaxata, drove Tiridates from Armenia. Nero
59 Suetonius Paulinus attacked Druids at Mona. Nero
c. 60 Mark wrote Good Message about Jesus.
61 James, brother of Jesus, killed by high priest Ananus.
61 Nero had a gymnasium and baths built.
62 Consul Caesennius Paetus surrendered to Parthians. Nero
63 Writer Petronius governed Bithynia for Rome. Roman Literature
64 Florus became Roman governor of Judea. Judean and Roman Wars
64 Josephus raised an army in Galilee. Judean and Roman Wars
64 Nero blamed Christians for fire in Rome.
64 Peter and Paul probably executed in Rome.
65 Plot to enthrone Calpurnius Piso squelched in Rome. Nero
65 Seneca ordered to commit suicide. Nero
66 Tiridates crowned king of Armenia by Nero in Rome.
66 Nero ordered his general Corbulo to commit suicide.
66 Nero ordered Petronius to commit suicide.
66-70 Judean revolt suppressed by Roman War.
67 Nero traveled in Greece to compete.
68 Tarraconensis governor Galba replaced Nero as emperor.
69.1.15 Otho proclaimed emperor as Galba was beheaded. Roman Wars
69 Vitellius replaced Otho as Roman emperor. Roman Wars
69 Vespasian replaced Vitellius as Roman emperor.
70 Eight Roman legions drove the Batavians back. Vespasian
71 Philosophers and astrologers expelled from Rome. Vespasian
71-74 Cerialis governed Britain for Rome. Vespasian
73 Chinese army led by Dou Gu defeated the Xiong-nu. Later Han Empire
73 960 Jews committed suicide at Masada. Judean and Roman War
74-78 Frontinus governed Britain for Rome. Vespasian
c. 75 Periplus of the Erythraean Sea by an Alexandrian. Ethiopia
78-84 Agricola governed Britain for Rome. Domitian
78-101 Kanishka ruled western half of northern India.
79 Confucian scholars conferred on classics. Later Han Empire
79-81 Titus ruled Roman empire.
81-96 Domitian ruled Roman empire.
82 Dio Chrysostom banished from Rome.
83 Wang Chong wrote Balanced Discussion. Later Han Empire
c. 85 Martial published his first book of Epigrams. Roman Literature
85-88 Dacian war led by Decebalus in Moesia. Domitian
89 Xiong-nu tribes surrendered to Han army. Later Han Empire
89 German governor crushed revolt of Saturninus. Domitian
89 Domitian banished philosophers and astrologers.
c. 90-165 Wang Fu wrote Remarks of a Hermit. Later Han Empire
91-102 Ban Chao protector-general of China's Western Regions. Later Han Empire
92-101 Clement was third bishop of Rome. Christian Fathers
94 Fifty states sent tribue to Chinese capital Luoyang. Later Han Empire
96 Poet Statius, author of epic Thebaid, died. Roman Literature
96-98 Nerva ruled the Roman empire.
c. 97 Quintilian published his Institutio Oratoria.
c. 97 Pythagorean philosopher Apollonius of Tyana died.
98-117 Trajan ruled the Roman empire.
c. 100 Buddhist Ashvaghosha wrote poetry, and plays. India
100-63 Daoist Zhu Mu wrote. Later Han Empire
101-06 Roman army fought two wars in Dacia. Trajan
105 Paper invented in China. Later Han Empire
107 Simeon, second bishop of Jerusalem, crucified. Christian Martyrs
110 Qiang revolted against Chinese. Later Han Empire
c. 110-30 Juvenal published Sixteen Satires. Literature
110-72 Tatian studied with Justin and taught. Christian Fathers
112 Younger Pliny wrote to Trajan about Christians.
114 Trajan invaded Armenia, capturing Arsamosata.
c.115-c.85 Lucian wrote essays and comic dialogs.
115-16 Jewish rebellions against Roman imperial rule. Trajan
117-38 Hadrian ruled Roman empire.
118 Hadrian burned debt records.
c. 120 "Teaching of the Twelve Apostles" written. Christian Fathers
122 Hadrian visits Britain, orders wall built.
c. 125 Gautamiputra Satakarni restored Satavana kingdom. India
127-71 Vasabha founded dynasty on Lanka. India
c. 130 "Disciple of apostles" wrote letter to Diognetus. Christian Fathers
c. 130-200 Galen studied and practiced medicine. Commodus
132-35 Rome defeated Jewish revolt led by Bar-Kochba. Hadrian
133 Flogging of high officials ended in China. Later Han Empire
135 Chinese eunuchs can adopt heirs. Later Han Empire
c. 135-225 Patriarch Judah compiled the Mishnah.
138-61 Antoninus Pius ruled Roman empire.
145-76 Vasudeva ruled Kushanas. India
146 Chinese imperial academy had 30,000 students. Later Han Empire
c. 150 Nagarjuna founded Madhyamika school of Buddhism. India
c. 150 Indonesian traders settled on Madagascar. Java
c. 150 Pastor of Hermas written and read in churches. Christian Fathers
151 Cui Shi wrote Treatise on Politics. Later Han Empire
c. 155 Smyrna bishop Polycarp killed in a stadium. Christian Martyrs
159 Five eunuchs executed Liang Ji family. Later Han Empire
161-180 Marcus Aurelius ruled Roman empire.
162 Parthians invaded Armenia. Marcus Aurelius
163 Roman forces captured Artaxata in Armenia. Marcus Aurelius
165 Roman forces occupied Edessa and Nisibis. Marcus Aurelius
165 Justin and six other Christians executed in Rome. Christian Martyrs
165-67 Plague spread from Parthia to Rome. Marcus Aurelius
166 Buddha cult introduced at Luoyang court. Later Han Empire
166 Roman army destroyed Seleucia and Ctesiphon. Parthian Empire Marcus Aurelius
167 Marcomanni and Quadi crossed the Danube. Marcus Aurelius
168-75 Rome fought war against Marcomanni and Quadi. Marcus Aurelius
168-81 Theophilus was sixth bishop of Antioch. Christian Fathers
172 Egyptians revolted against Roman rule in Alexandria. Marcus Aurelius
174-80 Marcus Aurelius wrote Meditations.
174-96 Gajabahu ruled Lanka and invaded Cholas. India
175 Chinese departments headed by eunuchs. Later Han Empire
175 Avidius Cassius rebelled against Rome in the east. Marcus Aurelius
177 Churches in Lyons and Vienne persecuted. Christian Martyrs
c. 177 Athenagoras sent defense of Christianity to emperor. Christian Fathers
178 Marcus Aurelius canceled 45 years of debt. Marcus Aurelius
179 Buddhist Prajnaparamita translated into Chinese. Later Han Empire
c. 170 Montanist movement grew in Asia Minor. Irenaeus
177-90 Eleutherus was bishop of Rome.Irenaeus
177-202 Irenaeus was bishop in Lyons.
180 Commodus made peace with Marcomanni and Quadi.
180 Twelve Christians martyred at Carthage. Irenaeus
180-192 Commodus ruled the Roman empire.
182 Conspiracy of Pompeianus failed. Commodus
182 Commodus limited forced labor in Africa to six days.
184 Daoist rebellions erupted; 500,000 killed. Later Han Empire
184-214 Qiang had independent kingdom in Liang-zhou. Later Han Empire
185 Roman forces abandoned Antonine wall in Britain. Commodus
187-226 Chinese governor Zhe Sie ruled Qiao-ji. Later Han Empire
189 General Yuan Shao massacred 2,000 eunuchs at Luoyang. Later Han Empire
190 25 consuls helped govern Rome. Commodus
190 Famine leads to execution of prefect Cleandar. Commodus
190-202 Clement headed catechetical school in Alexandria.
192 Han general Dong Zhuo assassinated. Later Han Empire
193 Pertinax ruled the Roman empire for 86 days.
193-211 Septimius Severus ruled the Roman empire.
194 Niger defeated and killed in Syria. Severus
195 Severus conquered Parthians and Adiabenians.
197 Severus defeated Albinus in Gaul.
c. 197 Tertullian wrote a defense of Christianity.
198 Roman army plundered Ctesiphon. Parthian Empire Severus
199-217 Zephyrinus was bishop of Rome. Tertullian
c. 200 Tamil poem The Ankle Bracelet (Silappadikaram). India
c. 200 Jain philosopher Kunda Kunda taught. India
c. 200 Bharata wrote Natya Shastra. India
c. 200 Bhasa wrote plays in India.
c. 200 Patriarch Judah unified oral traditions as the Mishnah.
c. 200 Longus wrote Daphnis and Chloe. Literature
202 Christians martyred for religious belief in Carthage. Tertullian
203-04 Severus visited Africa.
203-12 Eminent lawyer Papinian was praetorian prefect. Severus
204 Tertullian wrote "The Crown."
205-70 Plotinus founded Neo-Platonist philosophy.
208 Severus invaded Britain; 50,000 Romans killed.
210-63 Ruan Ji wrote "Songs of My Cares." China
211-17 Caracalla ruled the Roman empire. Severus
212 Roman citizenship extended to all free men. Severus
213-24 Artaban IV rules as the last Parthian king.
214 Cao Cao's forces conquered Qiang kingdom. Later Han Empire
215-26 Artaban IV rules as the last Parthian king. Severus
216 Caracalla subdued the Osroene. Severus
216 Jews no longer exempt from Roman taxes. Severus
216-74 Mani founded Manichaean religion in Persia.
217 Callistus accused Hippolytus of heresy.
217-18 Macrinus succeeded assassinated Caracalla. Severus
217-22 Callistus was bishop of Rome. Hippolytus
218-22 Elagabalus ruled the Roman empire. Severus
219 Abba-Areka opened Sidra school. Mishnah
220 Cao Cao died; his son Cao Pei founded Wei kingdom. China
c. 220 Philostratus wrote biography of Apollonius of Tyana.
221 Liu Bei proclaimed Shu Han dynasty. China
222 Sun Chuan founded Wu dynasty. China
222-26 Maesa and Mamaea regents of Roman empire. Severus
222-30 Urban I was bishop of Rome. Hippolytus
222-35 Severus Alexander ruled the Roman empire.
223-62 Xi Kang taught transcendence. China
224 Persian Ardashir founded Sasanian dynasty.
224 Artabanus V of Arsacid dynasty overthrown in Parthia. Severus
226 Persian Ardashir founded Sassanian dynasty. Severus
226-40 Ardashir ruled the Persian empire. Sasanian Persia
226-42 Ardashir ruled the Persian empire. Roman Wars
226-49 Daoist Wang Bi advised Wei regency. China
228 Praetorians murdered jurist prefect Ulpian. Severus
229 Origen was ordained a presbyter in Caesarea.
229 Dio Cassius retired to write history. Severus
230 Persians besieged Nisibis. Severus
230-35 Pontian was bishop of Rome. Hippolytus
231 Alexandrian bishop Demetrius excommunicated Origen.
231-33 Severus Alexander fought war against Persia.
234 Pannonian troops proclaimed Maxininus emperor. Severus
234-86 Koi ruled Paekche. Korea
235 Severus Alexander and his mother killed.
235 Hippolytus and Pontian exiled to Sardinia in persecution.
236-37 Maxininus fought Sarmatians and Dacians. Roman Wars
238 Africa proconsul Gordian proclaimed emperor. Roman Wars
238 Roman Senate elected Pupienus and Balbinus emperors. Roman Wars
238 Gregory went as a missionary to Neo-Caesarea. Origen
238-44 Gordian III and Prefect Timesitheus ruled Roman empire. Roman Wars
240 Rebellion led by Sabinianus in Carthage failed. Roman Wars
240 Mani proclaimed himself a prophet.
c. 240 Commodianus wrote poetic Christian discipline. Tertullian
c. 240 Alexander Romance written. Literature
240-70 Shapur I ruled Persian empire. Sasanian Persia
242-72 Shapur I ruled Persian empire. Roman Wars
243 Romans drove the Persians out of Syria. Roman Wars
244 Wei army invaded the Koguryo capital. China Korea
244-49 Philip ruled the Roman empire. Roman Wars
246 Cyprian converted to Christianity.
248 Lin-yi (Champa) battled Chinese along the Song Giang. China
248 Rome celebrated its millennium. Roman Wars
249 Wei king Sima Yi executed Cao Shuang and Ho Yen. China
249-51 Decius ruled Roman empire, persecuted Christians. Roman Wars
250 Bishop Fabius of Rome died a martyr. Hippolytus
250 Paul of Thebes retired into a distant cave. Antony
c. 250 Tikal Mayans began building large pyramids.
251 60 bishops at Rome excommunicated Novatian. Hippolytus
251-356 Antony lived as a hermit in Egypt.
c. 251 Cyprian wrote On the Unity of the Church.
251-53 Gallus ruled the Roman empire. Roman Wars
251 Bishops restored Cyprian's authority at Carthage.
253 Aemilianus proclaimed emperor and murdered. Roman Wars
253-59 Valerian and his son Gallienus ruled the Roman empire. Roman Wars
253-333 Daoist alchemist Go Hung criticized Confucians. China
254 Influential theologian Origen died.
255 Persian king Shapur banished Mani.
256 Franks invaded most of Gaul. Roman Wars
257-59 Emperor Valerian persecuted Christians. Roman Wars
258 Cyprian suffered a martyr's death.
259 Persians defeated and captured Emperor Valerian. Roman Wars
259 Palmyran king Odenathus destroyed Nahardea. Roman Wars
259-68 Gallienus ruled the Roman empire. Roman Wars
261-303 Lu Ji wrote "Poetic Exposition on Literature."
262 Syrian and Roman forces defeated the Persians. Roman Wars
263 Dionysius described how Christians nursed the sick. Origen
263 Porphyry became a disciple of Plotinus.
265 Sima Yen founded Qin dynasty at Luoyang. China
268-70 Claudius ruled the Roman empire. Roman Wars
269-91 Voharikatissa ruled Lanka. India
270 Quintillus proclaimed emperor and killed. Roman Wars
270-75 Aurelian ruled the Roman empire. Roman Wars
270-80 Funan and Champa fought Chinese. Vietnam
271 Aurelian destroyed Gothic invaders. Roman Wars
274 Aurellian drove Franks and Batavians north. Roman Wars
275 Roman Senate elected Tacitus emperor. Roman Wars
276-82 Probus ruled the Roman empire. Roman Wars
276-93 Vahram (Bahram) II ruled the Persian empire. Roman Wars
278 Probus drove invading Vandals from Illyricum. Roman Wars
279 Palestinian Talmud contributor Jochanan died.
280 Qin annexed Wu kingdom. China
280-300 Judah III was Jewish patriarch. Talmud
282 Persia lost Ctesiphon and Seleucia to the Romans. Roman Wars
282-83 Carus ruled the Roman empire. Roman Wars
283-84 Carinus ruled the Western Roman empire. Roman Wars
283-85 Numerian ruled the Eastern Roman empire. Roman Wars
c. 284-336 Fan Yi ruled Lin-Yi. China
284-305 Diocletian ruled the Roman empire.
287-330 Christian convert Tiridates III reigned over Armenia. Diocletian
289, 292 Diocletian defeated Sarmatians in the Danube.
291 Persian king Vahram II killed Manichaean leader Sisin.
291-371 Hilarion lived as a Christian hermit. Antony
291-99 Abhayanaga invaded and ruled Lanka. India
293 Constantius took Gesoriacum away from Carausius. Diocletian
293-302 Narseh ruled the Persian empire. Diocletian
293-305 Maximian ruled the Western Roman empire. Diocletian
295 Maximilian executed for refusing to serve in the army. Diocletian
295 Constantius regained Britain by defeating Allectus. Diocletian
296 Persians defeated the army of Galerius near Carrhae. Diocletian
296 Diocletian besieged Alexandria.
296 Diocletian persecuted Manichaeans in Egypt and Africa.
296 Wild inflation caused Diocletian to revise taxes.
296-303 Narsi ruled Persian empire. Diocletian
297 Galerius' army of 25,000 destroyed the army of Narses. Diocletian
298 Maximian suppressed an uprising of Moors. Diocletian
c. 300 Teotihuacan had about 80,000 people. Mayans
c. 300 Heliodorus wrote Ethiopian Story. Literature
301 Diocletian set maximum prices and wages.
303 Hormizd II executed Manichaean leader Innai.
303 Diocletian began persecuting Christians.
c. 303 Lactantius wrote Against the Gentiles.
304 Cheng Han kingdom founded in Sichuan. China
305-06 Constantius ruled the Western Roman empire. Constantine
305-11 Galerius ruled the Eastern Roman empire. Constantine
306-24 Constantine ruled the Western Roman empire.
309-22 Gothabhaya ruled Lanka and persecuted monks. India
309-79 Shapur II ruled the Persian empire. Constantine
311 Antony ministered to martyrs in Alexandria.
311 Donatist controversy arose in Africa. Constantine
311-24 Licinius ruled Eastern Roman empire. Constantine
312 Constantine's army took the imperial palace at Milan.
313 Koguryo gained independence from Chinese. Korea
313 Constantine and Licinius proclaimed religious freedom.
c. 319 Arius began teaching the oneness of God.
320 Chandra-gupta I inaugurated Gupta empire.
320 Talmud interpreter Abbahu died.
320 Licinius banned church meetings. Constantine
321 Constantine granted women right to control property.
321 Constantine granted toleration to Donatists.
321 Alexandrian council of 100 bishops condemned Arius.
323 Constantine's army defeated Licinius at Adrianople.
324-37 Constantine ruled the Roman empire.
325 255 bishops attended Christian council at Nicaea. Constantine
325 Pachomius founded a monastery on the Nile. Antony
c. 327 Lactantius, who wrote Divine Institutes, died.
328 Athanasius became bishop of Alexandria.
329 Hilarion established a Palestinian monastery. Antony
330 Rabba died in flight from Pumbedita. Talmud
330 Constantinople was officially dedicated. Constantine
331 Goths defeated Sarmatians and Vandals. Constantine
331-38 King Khosrov II reigned over Armenia. Constantine
334-62 Mahasena ruled Lanka. India
334-417 Huiyuan proclaimed Pure Land Buddhism. China
335 Church council at Tyre deposed Athanasius.
336 Arius died in his eighties of cholera at Constantinople.
337-40 Constantine II ruled Gaul, Spain, and Britain. Constantine's Sons
337-40 Constans ruled Roman Europe and Africa. Constantine's Sons
337-50 Constantius ruled the Eastern Roman empire. Constantine's Sons
338 Constantine II recalled Athanasius from exile.
339 Constantius enacted laws against Jews. Constantine's Sons
339 Ambrose was born at Trier.
c. 341 Eustathians condemned by a council at Gangra. Constantine's Sons
340-50 Constans ruled the Western Roman empire. Constantine's Sons
c. 340-80 Samudra-gupta ruled Gupta empire.
341 Sasanian Shapur II made treaty with Armenia.
342 Xienpei invaded Koguryo. Korea
343 Nicene doctrine was confirmed at Sardica council. Athanasius
c. 344 Army of Constantius defeated the Persians. Constantine's Sons
346 Banished Athanasius was restored again.
347 John Chrysostom was born at Antioch.
348 Christian monk Pachomius died. Antony
350 Sassanian king Shapur II made treaty with Kushanas. India
350 Armenian king Tigranes V was blinded by Shapur. Constantine's Sons
c. 350 Ethiopian King Ezana adopted Christianity.
c. 350 Ethiopians conquered Kush.
c. 350 Vasubandhu taught Yogachara Buddhism. India
350-61 Constantius ruled the Roman empire. Constantine's Sons
350-413 Kumarajiva translated Buddhist texts into Chinese. China
351 Ursicinus made Jews supply the Roman army. Constantine's Sons
351-56 Basil studied at Athens, met Gregory of Nazianzus.
352-427 Rabbana Ashi compiled Babylonian Talmud.
354 Constantius made a peace treaty with the Alamanni. Constantine's Sons
354.11.13 Augustine was born at Tagaste.
355 Constantius made Julian Caesar and governor of Gaul.
355 Hilary of Poitiers was banished to Phrygia by Constantius. Constantine's Sons
355 Martin became a hermit at Milan.
356 Athanasius was forcibly replaced by Arian George.
356-402 Naemul ruled Silla. Korea
357 Constantius burdened Jews with heavy taxes. Constantine's Sons
357 Jerusalem bishop Cyril was deposed by a local council. Constantine's Sons
357 Julian's army defeated the Alamanni.
357-85 Fu Jian expanded Earlier Qin kingdom. China
359 Hillel II published the Jewish calendar. Talmud
360 Hilary returned to Gaul.
360 Martin established the first monastery in Gaul.
361 Julian captured Vadomar by treachery.
361 Emperor Julian allowed all exiled prelates to return.
361-63 Julian ruled the Roman empire.
362 Julian ordered temples opened and public sacrifices.
362 Julian wrote Beard-hater at Antioch.
363-64 Jovian ruled the Roman empire. Valentinian
364 Hilary debated Arian bishop Auxentius at Milan. Martin
364-75 Valentinian I ruled the Western Roman empire.
364-78 Valens ruled the Eastern Roman empire.
365 Athanasius was banished a fifth time.
366-69 Valens fought rebelling Goths led by Athanaric.
367 Cyril was deposed again by Emperor Valens.
367 Epiphanius was elected bishop of Salamis on Cyprus. Valens
367-68 Sassanian king Shapur II defeated by Kushanas. Valens
368 Valentinian defeated the Alamanni at Solicinium.
370 John Chrysostom avoided being appointed bishop.
370-79 Basil was archbishop of Caesarea.
371 Paekche army of 30,000 attacked Koguryo. Korea
c. 371 Martin was elected bishop at Tours.
372 Buddhism introduced into Koguryo from China. Korea
372 Basil appointed his brother Gregory bishop of Nyssa.
373 Athanasius died in Alexandria.
373 Jerome traveled to Antioch.
374 Valentinian made peace with Macrianus on the Rhine.
374 Ambrose was elected bishop of Milan.
374-80 John Chrysostom lived as a monk in the hills.
375-83 Gratian ruled the Western Roman empire.
378 Mayan Tikal ruler Great Jaguar Paw conquered Uaxactun.
378 Smoking Frog began ruling Uaxactun. Mayans
378 Gratian's forces defeated the tribe Lentienses.
378 Goths defeated Valens at Adrianople.
378 Jerome was ordained a presbyter at Antioch.
378-92 Theodosius I ruled the Eastern Roman empire.
379 Theodosius allowed Cyril to return to his Jerusalem See.
380 Theodosius campaigned against the Goths.
380-414 Chandra-gupta II ruled Gupta empire.
381 Second ecumenical council met at Constantinople. Theodosius
381-83 Theodosius I enacted laws against Manichaeans.
382 Visigoth king Athanaric died. Theodosius
382 Symmachus urged restoration of the Victory statue. Theodosius
382-85 Jerome served as a secretary to Pope Damasus.
383 Fu Jian's Earlier Qin defeated by Eastern Qin. China
383 Maximus and his followers invaded Gaul. Theodosius
383-92 Valentinian II ruled Italy, Africa, and Illyricum. Theodosius
383-88 Shapur III ruled Persian empire. Theodosius
384 Chinese monk brought Buddhism to Paekche. Korea
384 Valentinian II refused to restore Victory statue in Rome. Theodosius
384 Martin appealed to Emperor Maximus for Priscillian.
385 Gregory of Nyssa wrote The Great Catechism.
c. 385-461 Patrick converted Irish.
386 John Chrysostom was ordained a presbyter.
386 Ambrose was besieged in his church at Milan.
386-419 Jerome lived in a Bethlehem monastery.
386-87 Augustine wrote his Soliloquies.
386-534 Toba people founded Northern Wei kingdom. China
387 Theodosius made a treaty with Persian king Shapur III.
387 Maximus invaded Italy. Theodosius
387 John Chrysostom preached Homilies on the Statues.
389 Manichaean property was confiscated in Rome. Theodosius
389 Paula founded three cloisters for women at Bethlehem. Jerome
390 Roman soldiers massacred 7,000 Thessalonicans. Theodosius
390 Ambrose made Theodosius do public penance.
391 Augustine was ordained.
391-92 Theodosius issued edicts against paganism.
392 Theodosius made a treaty with the Goths.
392 Frankish general Arbogast had Valentinian II murdered. Theodosius
392-95 Theodosius I ruled the Roman empire.
392-413 Kwanggaeto ruled Koguryo. Korea
393 Last ancient Olympic games celebrated. Theodosius
393 Hellenist rhetorician Libanius died. Theodosius
393-415 Yao Xing ruled Later Qin and patronized Buddhism. China
394 Eugenius slain and Arbogast committed suicide. Theodosius
395 Huns invaded Armenia, Cappadocia, and northern Syria. Theodosius
395 Augustine completed On Free Choice of the Will.
395-408 Arcadius ruled the Eastern Roman empire.
395-423 Honorius reigned over Western Roman empire.
396 Visigoths led by Alaric invaded Greece. Roman Empire Invaded
397 Arcadius enacted a strict treason law. Roman Empire Invaded
397 Martin and Ambrose died.
397 Gildo stopped African grain shipments to Italy. Roman Empire Invaded
397 Augustine became bishop of Hippo.
397 Augustine wrote most of On Christian Doctrine.
c. 397 Claudian wrote the poem The Rape of Proserpine. Roman Empire Invaded
397-401 Augustine wrote his Confessions.
398 John Chrysostom became archbishop of Constantinople.
399 Japan invaded Silla. Korea
399 Eutropius became consul in the Eastern empire. Roman Empire Invaded
399 Ostrogoths led invaded Galatia, Pisidia, and Bithynia. Roman Empire Invaded
399-414 Faxian traveled from China to India. China
399-420 Yazdgard I ruled Persia. Roman Empire Invaded
c. 400 Kalidasa wrote plays and poetry in India.
400 Origen's ideas were condemned by a council. Roman Empire Invaded
400 Gainas marched his army into Constantinople. Roman Empire Invaded
c. 400 Palestinian Talmud was written down.
400-02 Peasant rebellion threatened Jiankang. China
c. 400-1000 Puranas written in India.
401 Vandals led by Radagaisus invaded Noricum and Raetia. Roman Empire Invaded
401 John Chrysostom deposed six bishops for simony.
401 Augustine wrote On Baptism.
401-07 Patrick was sold into slavery.
402 Stilicho's forces captured Alaric's camp at Pollentia. Roman Empire Invaded
402 Epiphanius went to Constantinople. Roman Empire Invaded
403 Alaric attacked Verona and was defeated by Stilicho. Roman Empire Invaded
403 Synod of the Oak banished John Chrysostom.
404 Arcadius banished John Chrysostom.
404 Empress Eudoxia died of a miscarriage. Roman Empire Invaded
405 Honorius closed the Colosseum. Roman Empire Invaded
405 Germans invaded northern Italy. Roman Empire Invaded
405 Prudentius published his Christian poetry.
406 King Gunderic led the Vandals into Spain. Roman Empire Invaded
406 Germans invaded Gaul. Roman Empire Invaded
406 Jerome completed his Latin translation of the Bible.
407 John Chrysostom died in Pontus.
407 Britain's emperor Marcus was replaced by Gratian. Roman Empire Invaded
407 Constantine replaced Gratian and crossed over to Gaul. Roman Empire Invaded
408 Anthemius re-organized the Egyptian grain supply. Roman Empire Invaded
408 Alaric's Visigoths besieged Rome. Roman Empire Invaded
408-14 Prefect of the East Anthemius governed for Theodosius. Roman Empire Invaded
408-50 Theodosius II reigned over the Eastern empire. Roman Empire Invaded
409 Honorius recognized Constantine as an emperor. Roman Empire Invaded
409 Diviners and sorcerers were banned in Italy. Roman Empire Invaded
410 Alaric's Visigoths plundered Rome. Alaric died. Roman Empire Invaded
410 Roman empire had six emperors. Roman Empire Invaded
c. 410 Saxons invaded Britain. Roman Empire Invaded
c. 410-85 Proclus systematized Neo-Platonist philosophy. Macrobius
411 Marcellinus held a conference on Donatism at Carthage. Roman Empire Invaded
412 King Athaulf led the Visigoths across the Alps. Roman Empire Invaded
412 Alexandria patriarch Theophilus was succeeded by Cyril. Roman Empire Invaded
412 Coelestius was condemned by bishops in Africa. Roman Empire Invaded
413 Anthemius had a wall erected around Constantinople. Roman Empire Invaded
413 Heraclian of Africa was defeated and beheaded. Roman Empire Invaded
413-26 Augustine wrote The City of God.
413-91 Changsu ruled Koguryo. Korea
414 16-year-old Pulcheria became Augusta. Roman Empire Invaded
414 Aurelian succeeded Anthemius as Prefect of the East. Roman Empire Invaded
414-55 Kumara-gupta ruled Gupta empire.
414-58 Drust, son of Erp, ruled the Picts. Roman Empire Invaded
415 Theodosius II revoked powers of Gamaliel VI. Roman Empire Invaded
415 Athaulf wasted Aquitane and burned Bordeaux. Roman Empire Invaded
415 Pelagius was accused by a Palestinian council. Roman Empire Invaded
415 Alexandria bishop Cyril gave Jewish property to a mob. Roman Empire Invaded
415 Philosopher Hypatia was killed by monks at Alexandria. Roman Empire Invaded
415 Cassian founded a nunnery and monastery at Marseilles. Cassian
416 Pelagius was well received in Palestine. Augustine
416 Honorius proclaimed a general amnesty for banditry. Roman Empire Invaded
416 Orosius communicated between Jerome and Augustine.
417 General Liu Yu captured Luoyang and Chang-an. China
417 Constantius married Placidia. Roman Empire Invaded
418 Theodoric was elected Visigoth king. Roman Empire Invaded
418 Seven Gaul governors began meeting at Arles. Roman Empire Invaded
418 Orosius completed his History Against the Pagans.
419 Pelagian Julian was deposed and banished. Augustine
c. 420 Buddhaghosha translated and wrote Buddhist texts. China
c. 420 Donatists led by Gaudentius fortified Timgad cathedral. Roman Empire Invaded
c. 420 Cassian wrote The Institutes.
421 Theodosius married Athenian-educated Eudocia. Roman Empire Invaded
421 Constantius was crowned Augustus and died. Roman Empire Invaded
421 Augustine wrote Against Julian.
421-38 Vahram V ruled Persia. Roman Empire Invaded
423 John was proclaimed emperor at Ravenna. Roman Empire Invaded
423-32 Celestine was bishop of Rome. Augustine
424-51 Wu Di ruled Northern Wei, persecuted Buddhists. China
425 John was captured and publicly executed at Ravenna. Roman Empire Invaded
425 A new university was founded in Constantinople. Roman Empire Reduced
425-55 Valentinian III reigned over the western Roman empire.
c. 425-55 Vortigern ruled Britain. Roman Empire Reduced
427 King Theodoric led the Goths to besiege Arles. Roman Empire Reduced
428 Count Sigisvult's army seized Hippo and Carthage. Roman Empire Reduced
428 Vandal king Gunderic died. Roman Empire Reduced
428 Cassian completed Conferences.
428 Picts invaded Britain. Roman Empire Reduced
428-63 Laoghaire ruled Ireland. Patrick
428-77 Gaiseric ruled the Vandals. Roman Empire Reduced
429 Aetius replaced Felix as Rome's military leader. Roman Empire Reduced
429 80,000 Vandals crossed over to Mauretania. Roman Empire Reduced
429 Jewish taxes owed directly to imperial treasury. Roman Empire Reduced
429 Auxerre bishop Germanus traveled to Britain. Roman Empire Reduced
430 Arsaces died in Armenia, ending Arsacid dynasty. Roman Empire Reduced
430 Rome made peace with the Goths. Roman Empire Reduced
430 Gaiseric invaded Numidia and besieged Hippo. Roman Empire Reduced
430 Alexandria Bishop Cyril accused Nestorius of anathemas. Roman Empire Reduced
430.8.28 Augustine died during the siege of Hippo.
431 Chinese attacked Champa. Vietnam
431 Council of Ephesus deposed Nestorius. Roman Empire Reduced
431 Pope Celestine sent Palladius and Patrick to Ireland.
432-40 Sixtus III was bishop of Rome. Roman Empire Reduced
433 Attila and Bleda succeeded Rugila as Hun rulers. Roman Empire Reduced
434 Aetius was made Patrician at Ravenna. Roman Empire Reduced
434 Vincent, a monk of Lerins, wrote A Commonitory. Leo
436 Aetius led Huns who killed 20,000 Burgundians. Roman Empire Reduced
437 Valentinian III married Licinia Eudoxia at Constantinople. Roman Empire Reduced
437 Ambrosius made war on Vortigern in Britain. Roman Empire Reduced
438 Theodosius II's commission issued legal code. Roman Empire Reduced
438-57 Yazdgard II ruled Persian empire. Roman Empire Reduced
439 Gaiseric's Vandals captured Carthage. Roman Empire Reduced
439 Bishops Secundinus, Auxilius and Iserninus joined Patrick.
440-61 Leo was bishop of Rome.
441 Huns besieged, captured and plundered Ratiaria. Roman Empire Reduced
442 Vandals made a treaty with Rome. Roman Empire Reduced
442 Alans under King Goar settled near Orleans. Roman Empire Reduced
c. 442 Saxons led by Hengest took control of Britain. Roman Empire Reduced
443 Theodosius II paid 6,000 pounds of gold to Attila. Roman Empire Reduced
443 Burgundians settled in Savoy. Roman Empire Reduced
443 Pope Leo banished Manichaeans and Pelagians from Italy.
444 Northern Wei declared Daoism official religion. China
444 Theodosius II put to death Paulinus. Roman Empire Reduced
444 Patrick founded Armagh bishopric.
c. 445 Salvian wrote On the Present Judgment.
446 Dongking governor Tan Ho-chu attacked Champa. Vietnam
c. 446 Roman troops departed from Britain. Roman Empire Reduced
447 Huns devastated Lower Moesia and Scythia. Roman Empire Reduced
448 Roman emperors ordered Porphyry's book burned. Roman Empire Reduced
448 Historian Priscus described the court of Attila. Roman Empire Reduced
448 Eutyches was condemned by a local synod. Rom Roman Empire Reducedan Empire Reduced
449 Eugenius was put to death for treason. Roman Empire Reduced
449 Suevian king Rechiar devastated Tarraconensis. Roman Empire Reduced
449 Pope Leo wrote his Tome on the heresy of Eutyches.
c. 450 Ohio river valley people built mounds. North America
c. 450 Prosper wrote The Call of All Nations. Augustine
450-57 Marcian ruled the Eastern Roman empire.
451 Roman army led by Aetius defeated Attila's Huns. Roman Empire Reduced
451 4th ecumenical council at Chalcedon deposed Dioscorus. Leo
452 Pope Leo persuaded Attila not to attack Rome.
453 Visigothic king Thorismud was assassinated. Roman Empire Reduced
453 Attila died, and Germans revolted against the Huns. Roman Empire Reduced453-466 Theodoric II ruled the Visigoths. Roman Empire Reduced
454 Emperor Valentinian III killed Aetius. Roman Empire Reduced
454 Rechiar restored Carthaginiensia to the empire. Roman Empire Reduced
455 Persia forbade Sabbath celebration. Sasanian Persia
455 Emperor Valentinian III was assassinated. Roman Empire Reduced
455 Emperor Maximus was killed by a Roman mob. Roman Empire Reduced
455 Pope Leo met Vandal king Gaiseric at Rome's gate.
455 Vandals plundered Rome. Roman Empire Reduced
455-67 Skanda-gupta ruled Gupta empire and defeated Huns.
455-56 Avitus ruled the Western Roman empire.
456 Jews were forbidden to celebrate Sabbath in Persia. Roman Empire Reduced
456 Ricimer's army defeated Vandals near Corsica. Roman Empire Reduced
457 Alexandria bishop Proterius was murdered. Roman Empire Reduced
457-61 Majorian ruled the Western Roman empire.
457-74 Leo ruled the Eastern Roman empire.
c. 458 Hengest and Saxons massacred Vortigern's elders. Roman Empire Reduced
459-84 Peroz ruled Persian empire. Roman Empire Reduced
460 Majorian's forces were defeated by the Vandal navy. Roman Empire Reduced
461-65 Ricimer ruled the West, while Severus was emperor. Roman Empire Reduced
463 Aegidius and Salian Franks defeated Frederic's Goths. Roman Empire Reduced
466-86 Euric ruled the Visigoths. Roman Empire Reduced
467-72 Anthemius ruled the Western Roman empire.
468 Basiliscus scattered the Vandal fleet near Sicily. Roman Empire Reduced
471 Ardaburius' rebellion failed at Constantinople. Roman Empire Reduced
473-80 Nepos claimed to rule the Western Roman empire.
474-91 Zeno ruled the Eastern Roman empire.
475 Koguryo army of 30,000 captured Paekche's capital. Korea
475 Zeno fled to Isauria while Basiliscus was emperor. Roman Empire Reduced
475-76 Romulus was last emperor of the West. Roman Empire Reduced
475 Nepos recognized Euric's conquests in Spain and Gaul. Roman Empire Reduced
475 Euric's legal code segregated Germans and Romans. Roman Empire Reduced
476 Basiliscus and his family were beheaded. Roman Empire Reduced
476-93 Odovacar ruled Italy as king. Theodoric
477 Saxon chief Aelle from Germany established Sussex.
477-84 Vandal king Huneric ruled North Africa. Zeno
479 Marcian tried to overthrow Emperor Zeno.
479-500 Tongsong ruled Paekche. Korea
480 Exiled Western Emperor Nepos was murdered. Theodoric
481 Illus went to Antioch as Master of Soldiers. Zeno
481 Strabo's army was turned away from Constantinople. Zeno
481-511 Clovis ruled the Franks.
482 Talaia was elected bishop of Alexandria. Zeno
482 Severin, who founded monasteries in Noricum, died.
483 Roman empire's 120-year truce with Persia ended. Zeno
484 Zeno instigated Theodoric to murder Recitach.
484 Pope Felix excommunicated Acacius. Theodoric
484-88 Balash ruled Persia. Zeno
484-88 Emperor Zeno fought Marcian in civil war.
484-96 Vandal king Gunthamund ruled North Africa. Zeno
485 Wei government distributed land. China
485 Saxons defeated the Britons at Meareredsburn.
486 Theodoric's Ostrogoths ravaged Thrace.
486-507 Visigoth king Alaric II ruled Spain. Theodoric
488-512 Aesc ruled Kent. Saxon Kingdoms
488-531 Kavadh ruled Persia. Anastasius
489 Theodoric's Ostrogoths invaded Italy.
c. 490 Mazdak taught socialist sharing in Persia. Zeno
490-526 Theodoric ruled Italy as king.
491 Saxons massacred the British garrison Anderida.
491-518 Anastasius ruled the Eastern Roman empire.
493 Rebellion of 100,000 in Isauria was defeated in Phrygia. Anastasius
493 Theodoric married the sister of Clovis, Audafleda.
495 Western Saxons led by Cerdic and Cynric landed in Britain.
495-534 Cerdic ruled Wessex. Saxon Kingdoms
496 Constantinople patriarch Euthemius was deposed. Anastasius
496 Clovis and 3,000 of his warriors became Christians.
496-523 Vandal king Thrasamund ruled North Africa. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
497 Epiphanius got Theodoric to reduce taxes on Liguria.
497 Anastasius recognized Theodoric as Governor of Italy.
498 Anastasius abolished the Chrysargyron tax.
498 Saracen invasion of Syria was defeated. Anastasius
498 Symmachus and Laurentius both elected pope in Rome. Theodoric
498 Clovis and Alaric II swore eternal friendship.
499 Kavadh took the throne back from his brother Zamasp. Persia Anastasius
499 Anastasius abolished contests with wild beasts.
499 Babylonian Talmud completed by Rabina's death.
499, 502 Bulgarians invaded Roman empire. Anastasius
500 Theodoric's sister Amalfrida wed Vandal king Thrasamud.
c. 500 Julianus Pomerius wrote The Contemplative Life. Benedict
502 Kavadh invaded Armenia. Anastasius
502-42 Caesarius was archbishop of Arles. Benedict
502-49 Liang Wu Di ruled Liang and promoted Buddhism. China
503 Kavadh invaded Armenia. Sasanian Persia
505 Kavadh agreed to a truce with Celer. Persia Anastasius
505 Gothic army held Sirmium. Anastasius
506 Alaric II promulgated Roman law for Spain. Anastasius
507 Theodoric settled Alamannic people in Pannonia.
508 Cynric's Saxons killed 5,000 Britons.
c. 510 Clovis proclaimed the Lex Salica.
511 Constantinople patriarch Macedonius abdicated. Anastasius
511-24 Chlodomer was king of Orleans. Frank Kingdom
511-26 Theodoric ruled Spain for his grandson Amalaric.
511-34 Theodoric I was king of Metz. Frank Kingdom
511-58 Childebert was king of Paris. Frank Kingdom
511-61 Chlotar was king of Soissons. Frank Kingdom
512 Monophysite Pisidian Severus became Antioch patriarch. Anastasius
512 Vitalian marched on Constantinople with 50,000 men. Anastasius
512-34 Octa ruled Kent. Saxon Kingdoms
513 Imperial army lost 60,000 men. Anastasius
513 Caesarius was arrested and released by Theodoric. Benedict
514-39 Pophung ruled Silla. Korea
c. 515-30 Huna Mihirakula ruled India.
518 Justinian gained reconciliation with the western church.
518 Justinian expelled Monophysite bishops.
518-27 Justin reigned in Constantinople. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
519 Marinus was made Praetorian Prefect of the East. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
519 Cassiodorus wrote a History of the Goths. Ostrogoths
520 Consul Vitalian was murdered. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
520 Arthur raised siege of Britons on Mount Badon. Saxon Kingdoms
522 Two sons of Boethius were appointed Consuls of Rome.
523 Burgundian army was defeated, Sigismund captured. Frank Kingdom
523-24 Boethius wrote The Consolation of Philosophy in prison.
523-26 Cassiodorus served Theodoric as Master of Offices.
523-30 Vandal king Hilderic ruled North Africa. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
523-34 Civil war fought in northern China.
523-53 Song ruled Paekche. Korea
524 Justin executed many while Justinian was ill.
524 Boethius was executed by Theodoric.
524 Burgundians beheaded Chlodomer. Frank Kingdom
525 Abyssinian army conquered Yemen. Sasanian Persia
526 Antioch was devastated by an earthquake. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
526-34 Amalasuntha ruled Italy as regent for Athalaric. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
527-65 Justinian ruled the Roman empire.
528 Silla officially recognized Buddhism. Korea
528 Persian Xerxes led an army of 30,000 into Mesopotamia. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
528 Hun king Grod converted to Christianity and was killed. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
528 Franks took over Thuringian territory.
529 Belisarius was appointed Master of Soldiers in the East. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
529 Codex Justinianus laws were published. Roman Law
529 20,000 Samaritans were killed in a revolt. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
529 Bulgarians invaded Lower Moesia, Scythia, and Thrace. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
529 Justinian prohibited teaching philosophy at Athens.
529 Caesarius organized the second council of Orange. Benedict
530 25,000 Roman troops met a Persian army of 40,000. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
530 Montanists had been forbidden to assemble. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
530 Illyricum Master of Soldiers Mundus stopped Bulgarians. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
530 Gelimer deposed Hilderic in North Africa. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
c. 530 Benedict founded a monastery at Monte Cassino.
530-33 Thrace's general Chilbudius raided across the Danube. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
530-34 Gelimer ruled the Vandals in North Africa. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
531 John become praetorian prefect in Constantinople. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
531 Chlotar married captured Thuringian princess Radegund. Frank Kingdom
531-48 Theudis was king of Visigothic Spain. Frank Kingdom
531-79 Khusrau ruled the Persian empire. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
532 Khusrau made peace with the Roman empire. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
532 30,000 people were killed in a Constantinople revolt. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
533 Khusrau I made peace with the Roman empire. Sasanian Persia
533 Justinian's Digest of laws was published. Roman Law
533 Vandal governor of Sardinia revolted. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
533 Romans led by Belisarius defeated Vandals at Carthage. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
534 Chlotar and Childebert attacked Burgundy. Frank Kingdom
534-36 Theodahad ruled Italy. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
534-36 Solomon governed North Africa for Justinian's empire. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
534-48 Theudebert I was king of Metz. Frank Kingdom
534-60 Cynric ruled Wessex. Saxon Kingdoms
534-67 Hermenric ruled Kent. Saxon Kingdoms
535 Mundus defeated Goth forces and occupied Salona. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
535 Monophysite Anthimus elected Constantinople patriarch. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
536-39 Germanus governed North Africa. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
536 Imperial army of Belisarius took Rome from Goths. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
536-40 Witigis ruled Italy for Goths. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
537 Justinian appointed Paul patriarch of Alexandria.
537 Stotzas attacked Carthage but was defeated. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
537 Cassiodorus published twelve books of Variae. Boethius
537-38 Witigis besieged the army of Belisarius at Rome. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
538-97 Zhiyi founded Tiantai Buddhism. China
539 Ostrogoth king Witigis appealed to Persian Khusrau. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
539 Theudebert's army of Franks invaded Italy.
539-44 Solomon governed North Africa. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
540 Khusrau led an army that attacked Sura. Persia Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
540 Bulgarians invaded Thessaly and northern Greece. Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
c. 540 Cassiodorus founded the Vivarium monastery. Boethius
540-41 Visigoth Ildibad was king of Îtaly. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
540-75 Chinhung ruled Silla. Korea
541 John of Cappadocia was banished to Cyzicus. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
541 Basilius was the last Roman consul. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
541-52 Totila ruled Italy for the Goths. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
542 Persians demolished Callinicum. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
542 John of Ephesus evangelized eastern provinces. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
542 Peter Barsymes made silk an imperial monopoly. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
542-43 Bubonic plague spread from Egypt to Asia Minor. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
543 Theodora sent Monophysite Julian to Nubia.
543 Funan king Rudravarman raided Dongking. Vietnam
543 Conon and Naples garrison surrendered to Totila. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
544 Persians besieged Edessa. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
544 Emperor Justinian enforced the old prices and wages.
544 Totila besieged Otranto and marched on Rome. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
544 Justinian transfered Belisarius from Persia to Italy.
544-47 Li Bon ruled Nam Viet. Vietnam
545 Belisarius wrote to Justinian for men and money.
545 Areobindus and Sergius were defeated at Carthage. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
545-50 Justinian agreed to a truce with Persia.
546 Justinian promulgated the Three Chapters.
546 Totila's Goths captured Rome. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
546 Numidian Guntarith assassinated Areobindus at Carthage. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
547 Totila deserted Rome. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
547 John Troglita defeated Moors of Antalas in Africa. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
c. 547 Benedict died and left behind his Rule.
547-54 Pope Vigilius visited Constantinople. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
548-55 Theudebald was king of Metz. Frank Kingdom
549 Dagistheus was sent to Lazica with 7,000 Romans. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
549 Marauding Sclavenes ravaged Illyricum and Thrace. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
549 Belisarius provisioned Rome and Italy. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
549 Theudigisel, king of Visigothic Spain, was assassinated. Frank Kingdom
549-57 Persia battled the Roman empire. Sasanian Persia
550 Germanus died of a sudden illness. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
550 Totila's Goths took Rome again. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
550 Procopius wrote his Secret History. Justinian
c. 550 Panchatantra spread to Persia.
c. 550 Gildas wrote a history of Britain. Saxon Kingdoms
551 Paekche and Silla attacked Koguryo. Korea
551 Justinian's general Bessas besieged Petra.
551 Beirut was destroyed by earthquake, tidal wave, and fire. Roman Law
551 Gothic navy was defeated by imperial fleet of John. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
551-56 Persian truce with Roman empire was renewed. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
552 Narses invaded Italy with an imperial army of 25,000. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
552 Emperor Justinian cancelled arrears of taxation.
552 Two monks smuggled silk worm eggs from China. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
552, 556 Saxons led by Cynric defeated Britons.
553 Fifth Ecumenical Council met at Constantinople. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
553-72 Mo-Kan ruled the western Turks. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
554 Persians and Turks destroyed the Hephthalites. Sasanian Persia
554 Maukhari king Ishana-varman defeated Andhras. India
554 Narses' army defeated Goths at Capua. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
554 Justinian promulgated Pragmatic Sanction in Italy.
554 Agila, king of Visigothic Spain, was assassinated. Frank Kingdom
554-68 Visigoth king Athanagild ruled Spain from Toledo. Frank Civil Wars
555 Justinian helped Pelagius become Pope.
556-79 Martin of Braga was bishop at Dumium. Frank Civil Wars
557 Rome and Persia made a five-year truce. Sasanian Persia
558 Kotrigurs led by chief Zabergan invaded Thrace. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
558-61 Chlotar ruled over a united Francia. Frank Kingdom
558-62 Avars invaded the Kotrigurs and over-ran central Europe. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
559 Pagan books were publicly burned in Constantinople. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
559-70 Theodomir ruled the Suevi kingdom in northwest Spain. Frank Civil Wars
c. 560 Persians and western Turks destroyed the Ephthalites. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
561 Frank kingdom was divided by Lothair's four sons. Frank Civil Wars
561-67 King Charibert ruled at Paris.Frank Civil Wars
561-75 King Sigibert at Metz ruled Austrasia. Frank Civil Wars
561-84 King Chilperic I at Soissons ruled Neustria. Frank Civil Wars
561-92 King Guntram at Orleans ruled Burgundy. Frank Civil Wars
562 Khusrau I and Justinian signed a 50-year treaty. Sasanian Persia
562 Mayan Caracol ruler Lord Water defeated Tikal.
562 Silla drove Japanese off the mainland. Korea
562 Khusrau and Justinian signed a 50-year treaty.
562 Chilperic attacked Rheims. Frank Civil Wars
563 John Rogathinus ordered Numidian Cutsina assassinated. Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
565-78 Justin II reigned over the Roman empire. Roman Empire Disintegration
566 Senators Aetherius and Addaeus were executed. Roman Empire Disintegration
566 Sigibert married Visigothic princess Brunhild.
566-97 Kirtivarman I ruled Chalukyas. India
567-616 Aethelbert ruled Kent. Saxon Kingdoms
568 Turks offered Justin II an alliance. Roman Empire Disintegration
568 Lombard king Alboin invaded Italy with a large army. Roman Empire Disintegration
568 Wessex king Ceawlin defeated Kent king Aethelbert. Saxon Kingdoms
568-73 Liuwa and Leovigild ruled Spain. Frank Civil Wars
568-75 Lombards raided Gaul five times. Roman Empire Disintegration
569-71 Narses administered Rome.Roman Empire Disintegration
570 Muhammad was born in Mecca.
570 Avars defeated imperial army led by Tiberius. Roman Empire Disintegration
570 Martin of Braga wrote "Rules for an Honest Life." Frank Civil Wars
571 Armenians defeated 15,000 Persians. Roman Empire Disintegration
571, 577 Saxons defeated Britons.
572 Persians drove Abyssinians out of Yemen. Sasanian Persia
572 Justin II appointed Gregory prefect of Rome.
572 Helmechis and Peredeo murdered Alboin. Frank Civil Wars
573 Confucians win debate over Buddhists and Daoists. China
573 Chilperic's son Theudebert invaded Sigibert's territory. Frank Civil Wars
573 Roman army invaded Arzanene and besieged Nisibis. Roman Empire Disintegration
574 Persians captured Antioch and 292,000 prisoners. Roman Empire Disintegration
574 Lombard king Cleph was murdered. Roman Empire Disintegration
574 Leovigild quelled insurgencies in Toledo and Evora. Frank Civil Wars
574-78 Tiberius governed Roman empire as Caesar. Roman Empire Disintegration
574-622 Prince Shotoku applied ethics to Japanese government. Japan
575 Queen Fredegund sent two men to assassinate Sigibert. Frank Civil Wars
575 Uffa became king of the East Angles. Saxon Kingdoms
575-613 Brunhild ruled Austrasia as regent.
575-95 Childebert II was king of Austrasia. Frank Civil Wars
576 Roman forces were defeated in Armenia. Roman Empire Disintegration
577 Wu Di of Northern Zhou destroyed the Northern Qi. China
577 Burgundy king Guntram's two sons died of dysentery. Frank Civil Wars
578-82 Tiberius ruled the Roman empire. Roman Empire Disintegration
578-628 Butz Chan ruled Mayan Copan.
579-90 Hormizd IV ruled the Persian empire. Roman Empire Disintegration
580 Longinus baptized 'Alwa king and people in Ethiopia. Africa
580 Fredegund's two little sons died in the plague. Frank Civil Wars
580 Arian bishops met at Toledo. Frank Civil Wars
580-606 Prabhakara-vardhana ruled Thaneswar. India
581-604 Sui Wen Di ruled reunified China.
582-602 Maurice ruled the Roman empire. Roman Empire Disintegration
583 7,000 were killed in battle at Bourges. Frank Civil Wars
583-85 Leovigild's army besieged Seville. Frank Civil Wars
584 Neustria king Chilperic was assassinated. Frank Civil Wars
584 Maurice sent Childebert 50,000 solidi to invade Lombards. Frank Civil Wars
584 Aethelbert married Bertha, daughter of Charibert. Saxon Kingdoms
584-90 Authari was king of the Lombards. Roman Empire Disintegration
584-613 Chlotar II was king of Neustria; Fredegund was regent. Frank Civil Wars
585 Buddhist proponent Yomei became emperor of Japan.
585 War caused famine in Gaul. Frank Civil Wars
585 Hermenegild was killed by Duke Sigebert in Tarragona. Frank Civil Wars
585, 589 Guntram's army invaded Septimania. Frank Civil Wars
586 Mercians led by Crida settled in central Britain. Saxon Kingdoms
586-603 Recared ruled Spain. Frank Civil Wars
587, 589 Breton invasions of Nantes thwarted by Guntram's army. Frank Civil Wars
588 King Aethelric formed Northumberland kingdom. Saxon Kingdoms
589 Sui army defeated the Chen.
589 Monte Cassino monastery was destroyed by Lombards. Benedict
589 Authari married Bavarian princess Theodelinda. Frank Civil Wars
589 Recared made Spain a Catholic state at a Toledo council. Frank Civil Wars
590 Twenty Frank dukes crossed the Alps and ravaged Italy. Frank Civil Wars
590 Irish monk Columban arrived at Burgundy court. Frank Civil Wars
590-604 Gregory was Pope.
590-628 Khusrau II ruled the Persian empire. Roman Empire Disintegration
591 Pope Gregory wrote Pastoral Rules.
591-616 Agilulf was king of the Lombards. Roman Empire Disintegration
592 Roman imperial army invaded Slavs and Avars. Roman Empire Disintegration
592 Ariulf broke communication between Rome and Ravenna. Roman Empire Disintegration
593 Pope Gregory paid Lombards 500 pounds of gold.
593 Pope Gregory wrote his Dialogs.
593-611 Ceolric ruled Sussex. Saxon Kingdoms
593-616 Aethelfrith ruled Northumberland. Saxon Kingdoms
593-628 Soga empress Suiko reigned over Japan.
595 Sui dynasty imposed tribute on Champa king. China
595 Muhammad married Khadijah.
595-612 Theudebert II was king of Austrasia. Frank Civil Wars
595-613 Theodoric II was king of Burgundy. Frank Civil Wars
595-613 Brunhild was regent in Austrasia and Burgundy.
596 Pope Gregory sent Augustine and 40 monks to England.
597 Augustine came as a missionary to Aethelbert. Saxon Kingdoms
597-610 Mangalesha ruled Chalukyas. India
598 Koguryo encroached on the Chinese empire. Korea
598-601 Lombards observed treaty with exarch Callinicus. Roman Empire Disintegration
599 Theudebert II banished his grandmother Brunhild.
600 Isidore succeeded Leander as bishop of Seville. Frank Civil Wars
c. 600 Tiru Valluvar wrote Tamil classic The Kural. India
601 Most schools in China were abolished by Sui edict.
602 Li family rebellion crushed in Vietnam.
602-10 Phocas reigned over disintegrating Roman empire. Roman Empire Disintegration
602-64 Xuan Zang translated Buddhist texts. Tang Dynasty
603 Columban refused to attend an episcopal synod. Frank Civil Wars
603 Aethelfrith defeated Scots' King Aidan at Degsastan. Saxon Kingdoms
603-10 Witteric ruled Spain. Frank Civil Wars
604 Japan adopted Chinese calendar.
604-18 Sui Yang Di ruled China.
605 Persian army over-ran Syria, Palestine, and Phoenicia. Roman Empire Disintegration
605-16 Armistice observed between Romans and Lombards. Roman Empire Disintegration
606 Examinations based on Confucian classics instituted. Sui Dynasty
606-47 Harsha conquered northern India and wrote plays.
608 Persian army invaded Cappadocia.Roman Empire Disintegration
610 Muhammad began reciting the Qur'an.
610 Heraclius overthrew Phocas in Constantinople. Roman Empire Disintegration
610 Columban and his Irish monks were expelled by Theodoric. Frank Civil Wars
610-41 Heraclius ruled the Byzantine empire.
610-42 Pulakeshin II ruled Chalukya empire. India
611-42 Cynegils ruled Wessex. Anglo-Saxons
612 Heraclius married his niece Martina.
612 Burgundy king Theodoric attacked Austrasia. Frank Civil Wars
612-14 Chinese army invaded Korea. China
613 1200 monks were killed at the battle of Chester. Saxon Kingdoms
614 Persians captured Jerusalem. Heraclius
614-69 Nakatomi Kamatari reformed Japanese government. Japan
615-24 Adaloald was the first Lombard king to be baptized.
615-83 Pacal ruled Mayan Palenque.
616 Raedwald defeated Northumbria, killing Aethelfrith. Anglo-Saxons
616-33 Edwin ruled Northumbria. Anglo-Saxons
616-40 Eadbald ruled Kent. Anglo-Saxons
617-86 Wonhyo taught Buddhism in Korea.
618-26 Li Yuan founded Tang dynasty.
618-907 Tang dynasty ruled China.
619 Persians invaded Egypt and conquered Alexandria. Heraclius
619 Isidore presided over the second council at Seville.
621 Uniform coins were minted in Tang China.
621-31 Suinthila ruled Spain.
622 Tang established protectorate over Annam.
622 Muhammad and his followers migrated to Medina.
622 Heraclius marched east.
624 Japan had 46 Buddhist temples.
624 Muhammad and his men attacked a Quraysh caravan.
626 Constantinople was attacked by Persians and Avars. Heraclius
626-49 Tai Zong ruled China. Tang Dynasty
627 Chenla king Ishanavarman annexed Funan. Cambodia
627 Bani Nadir Jews joined the fight against Muhammad.
627 Bishop Paulinus converted Edwin to Christianity. Anglo-Saxons
628 Tai Zong established relief granaries in China. Tang Dynasty
628 Khusrau II was deposed and murdered by his son. Sasanian Persia North Africa Heraclius
628 Penda won at Cirencester and annexed West Saxons. Anglo-Saxons
628-95 Smoke Imix ruled Mayan Copan.
629 Muhammad made a pilgrimage to Mecca.
629-39 Dagobert I ruled Austrasia. Franks
629-45 Xuan Zang traveled from China to India. Tang Dynasty
629-56 Sigebert II reigned in Austrasia. Franks
630 China subjugated the Eastern Turks. Tang Dynasty
630 Muhammad began a campaign against Byzantine Syrians.
631 Mayan Caracol ruler Lord Kan II defeated Naranjo.
631 Muhammad announced war against idolaters.
631-47 Koguryo built a defensive wall. Korea
631-81 6 Tun Bird Jaguar ruled Mayan Yaxchilan.
632.6.8 Muhammad died in Mecca.
632-34 Muhammad was succeeded by Abu Bakr. Islamic Wars
633 Slavs attacked Thuringia. Franks
633 Toledo council decreed Canon 75. Spain
633-55 Penda ruled Mercia. Anglo-Saxons
634 Khalid with 40,000 Muslims took Damascus. Islamic Wars
634-41 China fought Tibet. Tang Dynasty
634 'Umar was elected second Caliph. Islamic Wars
634-42 Oswald reunited Northumbria and restored Christianity. Anglo-Saxons
635 Oswald granted Lindisfarne as Aidan's episcopal see. Anglo-Saxons
635 Wessex king Cynegils accepted Christianity. Anglo-Saxons
636 Toledo council restricted kings. Spain
636 Isidore, who wrote Etymologies, died.
636-43 Lombard king Rothari published edicts in Latin.
637 New laws reduced capital offenses in China. Tang Dynasty
637 Muslims defeated Persian army; Basra was founded. Islamic Wars
637 Jerusalem capitulated to 'Umar's terms. Islamic Wars
638 Antioch bought safety for 300,000 gold coins. Islamic Wars
639 Famine and pestilence followed the conquest of Syria. Islamic Wars
c. 640 Bana wrote epic romances in Harsha's court. India
640 'Amr led the Muslim invasion of Egypt. Islamic Wars
640 Thuringians became independent. Franks
640 Pippin, mayor of the palace in Austrasia, died. Franks
641 Muslims defeated the Sassanian empire. Islamic Wars
641 Nubian Mukurra was attacked by Arabs.
641-68 Constans II reigned over the Byzantine empire.
642 Syria's Muslim governor Mu'awiya invaded Armenia. Byzantine Wars
642 Mercia's Penda defeated and killed Northumbria's Oswald. Anglo-Saxons
642, 645 Muslims conquered Alexandria. Islamic Wars
642-53 Khindaswinth ruled Spain.
643 Xuan Zang observed a great assembly at Kanauj. India
643 Qi prince Li You's revolt failed in China. Tang Dynasty
644 Caliph 'Umar was assassinated while praying. Islamic Wars
644-56 Caliph 'Uthman appointed Umayyad relatives.
645 Tang emperor Tai Zong led invasion of Koguryo.
645 Maximus debated Pyrrhus in debate at Carthage.
645-55 Kotoku ruled Japan.
646 Great Reform was implemented in Japan.
646 North Africa synod condemned monotheletism. Byzantine Wars
647 Arabs took Caesarea in Cappadocia. 'Uthman and 'Ali
647 'Abd-Allah Ibn Sa'd led invasion of North Africa. 'Uthman and 'Ali
648 Constans II promulgated his Type of Faith. Byzantine Wars
649-83 Gao Zong reigned in China. Tang Dynasty
650 Caliph 'Uthman lost the prophet's ring in a stream. Islamic Wars
651 Nepal sent a mission to China. Tang Dynasty
651 Persian king Yazdgard was killed at Marv. Islamic Wars
651 Nubians made a treaty with Muslims.
652 Rebellion led by Olympius ended at Sicily. Franks
652-59 Gertrude ruled a double monastery at Nivelles. Franks
653 Martin and Maximus were tried at Constantinople.
653-61 Lombard king Aripert I renounced Arianism.
653-72 Reccesvinth ruled Spain.
654 Arab fleet captured Rhodes. 'Uthman and 'Ali
655 Koguryo and Paekche invaded Silla. Korea
655 Muslim navy made Cyprus pay tribute. 'Uthman and 'Ali
656.6.17 Caliph 'Uthman was assassinated by a conspiracy.
655-70 Oswiu ruled Northumbria. Anglo-Saxons
655-81 Vikramaditya I ruled the Chalukya empire. India
656 Caliph 'Uthman was assassinated by a conspiracy. Islamic Wars
656-61 'Ali was the fourth Caliph amid civil war.
658-75 Wulfhere ruled Mercia. Anglo-Saxons
659 Mayan Palenque ruler Pacal made war on Yaxchilan.
659 Mu'awiya made a treaty with the Byzantine empire. Islamic Wars
660 Mu'awiya was proclaimed Caliph at Jerusalem. 'Uthman and 'Ali
660 Arabs were repelled from India. Islamic Wars
660-705 Empress Wu ruled China. Tang Dynasty
661 'Ali was the third consecutive Caliph murdered.
661-71 Tenchi ruled Japan.
661-80 Munmu ruled Silla. Korea
661-750 Umayyad Caliphate spread Islam.
662 Maximus the Confessor was tried and mutilated.
662-71 Beneventum duke Grimwald ruled the Lombards.
662-84 Shiladitya III ruled Valabhi and conquered Gurjara. India
663 Japan withdrew from Korea.
664 Synod of Whitby accepted Roman Catholic doctrine. Anglo-Saxons
664-73 Ziyad Ibn Abihi of Ta'if governed Basra. Umayyad Caliphate
664-73 Ecgberht ruled Kent. Anglo-Saxons
666 Chinese currency was debased 90%. Tang Dynasty
668-76 Chinese forces occupied Korea. Tang Dynasty
668-85 Constantine IV ruled the Byzantine empire.
668-703 Manavarman ruled Lanka. India
670 Arabs led by ‘Uqba invaded Berbers in Tunisia. North Africa
670 Tibet broke the peace with China. Tang Dynasty
670-85 Ecgfrith ruled Northumbria. Anglo-Saxons
671-86 Perctarit ruled the Lombards.
672 Caliph Mu'awiya's navy captured Rhodes. Umayyad Caliphate
672 Bishops at Hertford agreed on canon laws. Anglo-Saxons
672-80 Wamba ruled Spain.
672-93 Buide mac Beli ruled the Picts. Anglo-Saxons
673-85 Hlothere ruled Kent. Anglo-Saxons
673-86 Temmu ruled Japan.
674 Empress Wu proclaimed a reform program. Tang Dynasty
674 Muslims attacked Constantinople. Umayyad Caliphate
674 Caliph Mu'awiya's navy captured Crete. Umayyad Caliphate
674-78 Muslims besieged Constantinople. Umayyad Caliphate
675-704 Aethelred ruled Mercia. Anglo-Saxons
676 Mercia's Aethelred invaded Kent. Anglo-Saxons
676-85 Centwine ruled Wessex. Anglo-Saxons
676-704 'Dus-srong ruled Tibet.
678 Mu'awiya made a peace treaty with the Byzantine empire. Umayyad Caliphate
678 Mercia's Aethelred regained Lindsey from Ecgfrith. Anglo-Saxons
679 Petexbatun sacrificed Mayan Tikal ruler Shield Skull.
680 Caliph Mu'awiya was succeeded by his son Yazid. Umayyad Caliphate
680 Byzantine navy attacked the Bulgars.
680.10.10 'Ali's son Husain and supporters were massacred. Umayyad Caliphate
681 Irish king Finnachta abolished Leinster's cow-tribute.
681-742 Shield Jaguar II ruled Mayan Yaxchilan.
682 Ecgfrith sponsored a monastery at Jarrow. Anglo-Saxons
682 Centwine drove the Britons to the sea. Anglo-Saxons
682-734 Ah Cacau ruled Mayan Tikal.
683 Kabul revolted and defeated a Muslim army. Umayyad Caliphate
683 Muslims destroyed Medina and attacked Mecca. Umayyad Caliphate
685 Zabul's army was routed by the Arabs. India
685 Caliph Marwan was succeeded by his son 'Abd-al-Malik. Umayyad Caliphate
685-95 Justinian II ruled the Byzantine empire.
685-704 Caliph's brother 'Abd al-Aziz governed Egypt. Umayyad Caliphate
685-705 'Abd-al-Malik ruled Islam as Caliph. Umayyad Caliphate
686-97 Empress Jito ruled Japan.
686-700 Cuninebert ruled the Lombards.
686-705 Aldfrith ruled Northumbria. Anglo-Saxons
687 Muslim revolutionary Mukhtar was killed at Kufa. Umayyad Caliphate
687-714 Pippin II governed Austrasia. Franks
688 Justinian II launched a campaign against the Slavs. Byzantine Wars
689 Silla began land reform. Korea
689 Mardaite marauders were moved to Anatolia. Byzantine Wars
689-726 Ine ruled Wessex. Anglo-Saxons
690-725 Wihtred re-united and ruled Kent. Anglo-Saxons
691 'Abd-al-Malik led an attack on Kufa. Umayyad Caliphate
691 Bishops at Constantinople forbade pagan festivals. Byzantine Wars
692 Tibet regained four Turkestan garrisons.
692 Muslims defeated the Byzantine army at Sebastopolis. Umayyad Caliphate
692 Syrian forces led by al-Hajjaj captured Mecca. Umayyad Caliphate
694 Ine and his father Cenred promulgated a code of laws. Anglo-Saxons
694-714 Al-Hajjaj governed Sasanian provinces. Umayyad Caliphate
695 Zabul and Kabul defeated Arabs. Umayyad Caliphate
695 Mayan Tikal captured Jaguar Paw of Calakmul.
695 Wihtred issued a revised code of Kent laws. Anglo-Saxons
695-738 18 Rabbit ruled Mayan Copan.
696-733 Vijayaditya ruled the Chalukya empire. India
697 Merkurios became Nubian king and strengthened church. Africa
697 Iona abbot Adaman got women exempt from military. Anglo-Saxons
698-705 Tiberius II ruled the Byzantine empire.
698-727 Shield God K ruled Mayan Petexbatun.
699 Koguryo general founded the state of Parhae. Korea
699 Muslim army returned to ravage Zabulistan. Umayyad Caliphate
c. 699-761 Buddhist Wang Wei wrote poetry and painted. Tang Dynasty
700-10 Wittiza ruled Spain.
700-12 Aripert II ruled the Lombards.
700-67 Abu-Hanifah of Iraq was a liberal jurist. Umayyad Caliphate
701-62 Li Bo wrote poetry. Tang Dynasty
702 Taiho code was promulgated in Japan.
702 Nepal revolted from Tibet.
702 Muslim Arabs occupied Eritrean islands. Africa
702-36 Songdok ruled Silla. Korea
704-16 Pure Land Buddhist Ci-min traveled in India.
705 Wu Jing wrote government guidebook. Tang Dynasty
705-11 Justinian II ruled the Byzantine empire.
705-15 Al-Walid ruled Islam as Caliph. Umayyad Caliphate
705-55 Khri-Ide-btsug-brtan ruled Tibet.
709 Musa ibn Nusayr conquered Tangier. North Africa
709 Roderick usurped the Spanish crown. Spain
709 Wessex led by Ine defeated Welsh king Gerent. Anglo-Saxons
710 Naranjo ruler Smoking Squirrel raided the Yaxha. Mayans
710 Japanese capital was moved to Heijo (Nara). Japan
711 Tariq's Muslims defeated Roderick's army. North Africa
711 Mayan Tonina captured Palenque king Kan Xul II.
711-18 Muslims took over most of Spain. North Africa
712 Japanese ancient records published as Kojiki. Japan
712 Muslim general Muhammad-ibn-Qasim invaded Sindh. Umayyad Caliphate
712-44 Liutprand ruled the Lombards.
712-56 Xuan Zong ruled China. Tang Dynasty
712-70 Du Fu wrote poetry. Tang Dynasty
713 Muslims conquered Spain. North Africa
713 Kashmir asked China for aid against Arabs. India
715 New statutes were promulgated in China. Tang Dynasty
715-74 Tantric monk Amoghavajra influenced Dai Zong. Tang Dynasty
716-41 Xuan Zong sponsored Tantric masters. Tang Dynasty
716-57 Aethelbald ruled Mercia. Anglo-Saxons
717-20 Caliph 'Umar ruled Islam more justly. Umayyad Caliphate
717-41 Leo III ruled the Byzantine empire.
717-801 Sufi Rabi'a al-'Adawiyya of Basra lived and taught.
718-37 Pelayo ruled the Asturian kingdom. Franks
719 Pope Gregory II sent Boniface into Germany. Franks
720 Japanese Nihongi chronicles were published. Japan
c. 720 Bhavabhuti wrote plays in India.
720-24 Caliph Yazid II reversed 'Umar's reforms. Umayyad Caliphate
721 Muslims were defeated at Toulouse. Umayyad Caliphate
721 Wessex's Ine killed Cynewulf. Anglo-Saxons
722 Upper Chenla attacked Chinese at Dongking. Tang Dynasty
722 Chinese army had 600,000 men. Tang Dynasty
722 Songdok distributed land to farmers. Korea
724-43 Hisham ruled Islam as Caliph. Umayyad Caliphate
724-49 Shomu ruled Japan.
c. 724-60 Lalitaditya ruled Kashmir. India
725 Muslims raiding in Burgundy sacked Autun. Umayyad Caliphate
725 Ui Briuin controlled Connacht. Irish Legends
726 Leo III issued an edict against images.
726 Ine abdicated so that he could die at Rome. Anglo-Saxons
726-40 Muslim armies invaded Asia Minor annually. Umayyad Caliphate
726-40 Aethelheard ruled Wessex. Anglo-Saxons
728 Early Sufi al-Hasan died.
729 Chinese government began census of Buddhists. Tang Dynasty
730 Tibet made peace with China. Tang Dynasty
c. 730 Vedanta philosopher Shankara taught in India.
730 Constantinople patriarch Germanus was deposed. Byzantine
731 Roman synod excommunicated iconoclasts. Byzantine Iconoclasm
732 Frank Charles Martel led victory over invading Muslims. Franks
732-66 York archbishop Egbert founded a library. Anglo-Saxons
733-47 Vikramaditya II ruled Chalukya empire. India
c. 735 Valabhi kingdom was destroyed by Arab invasion. India
735-37 Smallpox epidemic devastated Japanese. Japan
736 Tibet attacked Gilgit.
736 Kegon (Huayen) Buddhism was introduced in Japan.
737 Charles Martel drove Muslims out of Septimania. Franks
737-58 Eadbhert ruled Northumbria. Anglo-Saxons
738 Mayan Quirigua ruler Cauac Sky sacrificed 18 Rabbit.
739 Charles Martel drove Muslims out of Provence. Franks
739-57 Alfonso I ruled Asturia. Spain
740 Fujiwara Hirotsugu's rebellion was quelled. Japan
740 Husain's grandson Zayd Ibn 'Ali led a revolt in Kufa. Umayyad Caliphate
740-41 Tibet expelled foreign monks during a plague.
740-56 Cuthred ruled Wessex. Anglo-Saxons
741-75 Constantine V ruled the Byzantine empire.
742 Carloman convened a Germanic Council of priests. Franks
742-64 Kyondkok ruled Silla. Korea
c. 743 John of Damascus wrote The Fount of Knowledge.
744 Boniface founded the monastery of Fulda in Hesse. Franks
744 Bishops of Seir and Lusk were murdered. Franks
744-49 Friuli duke Ratchis ruled the Lombards.
744-50 Civil wars ended the Umayyad Caliphate. Umayyad Caliphate
744-57 Kirtivarman II was the last ruler of the Chalukya empire. India
745 Uighurs killed their last kaghan Bai-mei. Tang Dynasty
745-47 Bubonic plague devastated Constantinople. Byzantine
746 Constantine V invaded Syria. Byzantine
746 Carloman defeated the Alemanni at Canstatt. Franks
748-79 Kolofeng ruled Nanchao. Vietnam
749 Padmasambhava founded Adi-yoga Tibetan Buddhism.
749 'Abbasids proclaimed Abu'l-'Abbas al-Saffah Caliph. Umayyad Caliphate
749-56 Aistulf ruled the Lombards.