BECK index

Europe 1588-1648


General and Miscellaneous
Germanic Empire and Switzerland
Eastern Europe
Spain and Portugal
England, Scotland, and Ireland

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General and Miscellaneous

Copleston, Frederick, A History of Philosophy, Volume 3 Late Mediaeval and Renaissance Philosophy, Part 2 The Revival of Platonism to Suarez. Garden City, 1953.
Cultures of the Jews: A New History ed. David Biale. New York, 2002.
Durant, Will, The Age of Reason Begins: A History of European Civilization in the Period of Shakespeare, Bacon, Montaigne, Rembrandt, Galileo, and Descartes: 1558-1648. New York, 1961.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 30 volumes. Chicago, 1975.
Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 volumes ed. Paul Edwards. New York, 1967.
Encyclopedia of World History, An ed. William L. Langer. Boston, 1980.
Graetz, Heinrich, History of the Jews, Volumes 4-5. Philadelphia, 1894-95.
Greengrass, Mark, Christendom Destroyed: Europe 1517-1648. New York, 2014.
Hill, Christopher, The Century of Revolution 1603-1714. New York, 1961.
History of Women in the West, A, Volume III: Renaissance and Enlightenment Paradoxes ed. Natalie Zemon Davis and Arlette Farge. Cambridge, 1993.
Israel, Jonathan I., European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550-1750. London, 1998.
Kochan, Lionel, The Making of Western Jewry, 1600-1819. London, 2004.
Leon, Vicki, Uppity Women of the Renaissance. Boston, 1999.
Masterpieces of Catholic Literature in Summary Form ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1965.
Masterplots: 15-Volume Combined Edition 1510 Plot-Stories and Essay-Reviews from the World’s Fine Literature ed. Frank N. Magill. New York, 1964.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume 3: The Counter-Reformation 1559-1610. Cambridge, 1968.
New Cambridge History, The, Volume 4: The Decline of Spain and the Thirty Years War 1609-48/59. Cambridge, 1970.
Parker, Geoffrey, Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century. New Haven, 2013.
Quick, Robert Hebert, Essays on Educational Reformers. New York, 1890.
Reader’s Encyclopedia of World Drama, The ed. John Gassner & Edward Quinn. New York, 1969.
Standard Jewish Encyclopedia, The ed. Cecil Roth. Garden City, 1959.
Three Thousand Years of Educational Wisdom: Selections from Great Documents ed. Robert Ulich. Cambridge, 1954.
Times Atlas of World History, The ed. Geoffrey Barraclough. Maplewood, 1984.
Trager, James, The People’s Chronology. New York, 1992.
Ulich, Robert, History of Educational Thought. New York, 1968.
Williams, Neville, Chronology of the Expanding World 1492 to 1762. New York, 1969.
Wisdom of Catholicism, The ed. Anton C. Pegis. New York, 1949.
Wisdom of Israel, The, ed. Lewis Browne. New York, 1945.

Germanic Empire and Switzerland

Abbott, John S. C., Austria: Its Rise and Present Power. New York, 1882.
Asch, Ronald G., The Thirty Years War: The Holy Roman Empire and Europe, 1618-48. New York, 1997.
Barraclough, Geoffrey, The Origins of Modern Germany. London, 1988.
Beller,  Steven, A Concise History of Austria. Cambridge, 2006
Benecke, Gerhard, Germany in the Thirty Years War. London, 1978.
Benecke, G., Society and Politics in Germany 1500-1750. London, 1974.
Bérenger, Jean, A History of the Hapsburg Empire 1273-1700 tr.  C. A. Simpson. London, 1994.
Bireley, Robert, Religion and Politics in the Age of the Counterreformation: Emperor Ferdinand II, William Lamormaini, S. J., and the Formation of Imperial Policy. Chapel Hill, 1981.
Boehme, Jacob, The Signature of All Things tr. unknown. London, 1912.
Boehme, Jacob, Six Theosophical Points and Other Writings tr. John Rolleston Earle. Ann Arbor, 1958.
Comenius on Education, John Amos, New York, 1967.
Coxe, William, History of the House of Austria from the Foundation of the Monarchy 1218 to 1792, Volume II. London, 1847.
Evans, R. J. W., The Making of the Habsburg Monarchy 1550-1700. Oxford, 1979.
Gagliardo, John G., Germany under the Old Regime, 1600-1790. London, 1991.
Grimmelshausen, H. J. C. von, The Adventurous Simplicissimus tr. A. T. S. Goodrick, Lincoln, 1962.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 14: The Germanic Empire ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Holborn, Hajo, A History of Modern Germany: The Reformation. New York, 1959.
Kann, Robert A. and Zdenek V. David, The Peoples of the Eastern Hapsburg Lands, 1526-1918. Seattle, 1984.
Keating, M. W., The Great Didactic of John Amos Comenius. London, 1896.
Komensky, John Amos, The Labyrinth of the World and the Paradise of the Heart tr. Count Lutzow. New York, 1901.
Luck, James Murray, A History of Switzerland. Palo Alto, 1985.
Lutzov, Count von and H. A. Piehler, Bohemia: An Historical Sketch. London, 1939.
MacHardy, Karin J., War, Religion and Court Patronage in Habsburg Austria: The Social and Cultural  Dimensions of Political Interaction, 1521-1622. New York, 2003.
McNeill, John T., The History and Character of Calvinism. New York, 1954.
Menzel, Wolfgang, Germany from the Earliest Period, Volume 3 tr. Mrs. George Horrocks. New York, 1899.
Monroe, Will S., Comenius and the Beginnings of Educational Reform. New York, 1971.
Oechsli, Wilhelm, History of Switzerland 1499-1914 tr. Eden & Cedar Paul. Cambridge, 1922.
Reinhardt, Kurt F., Germany: 2000 Years, Volume 1. New York, 1961.
Rodes, John E., Germany: a history. New York, 1964.
Sadler, John Edward, J. A. Comenius and the Concept of Universal Education. New York, 1966.
Stoudt, John Joseph, Sunrise to Eternity: A Study in Jacob Boehme’s Life and Thought. Philadelphia, 1957.
Tapié, Victor-L., The Rise and Fall of the Hapsburg Monarchy tr. Stephen Hardman. New York, 1971.
Thirty Years’ War, The ed. Geoffrey Parker. London, 1997.
Thirty Years War, The: A Sourcebook ed. Peter H. Wilson. London, 2010.
Wedgwood, C. V., The Thirty Years War. Garden City, 1961.
Wheatcroft, Andrew, The Hapsburgs: Embodying Empire. London, 1995.
Wilson, Peter H., From Reich to Revolution: German History, 1558-1806. London, 2004.
Wilson, Peter H., The Thirty Years War: Europe’s Tragedy. Cambridge, 2009.

Eastern Europe

Bain, R. Nisbet, The First Romanovs (1613-1725). New York, 1905.
Bain, R. Nisbet, Slavonic Europe: A Political History of Poland and Russia from 1447 to 1796. Cambridge, 1908.
Brock, Peter, Freedom from Violence: Sectarian Nonresistance from the Middle Ages to the Great War. Toronto, 1991.
Cambridge History of Poland from the Origins to Sobieski (to 1696), The ed. W. F. Reddaway et al. Cambridge, 1950.
Cambridge History of Russia, Volume 1: From Early Rus’ to 1689 ed. Maureen Perrie. Cambridge, 2006.
Cartledge, Bryan, The Will to Survive: A History of Hungary. New York, 2011.
Chirovsky, Nicolas L. Fr., A History of the Russian Empire, Volume 1: Grand-ducal Vladimir and Moscow. New York, 1973.
Davies, Norman, God’s Playground: A History of Poland, Volume 1 The Origins to 1795. New York, 1982.
Dukes, Paul, The Making of Russian Absolutism 1613-1801. New York, 1990
Evtuhov, Catherine et al, A History of Russia: Peoples, Legends, Events, Forces. Boston, 2004.
Gieysztor, Aleksander et al, History of Poland tr. Krystyna Cekalska et al. Warszawa, 1968.
Halecki, O., A History of Poland. New York, 1956.
History of Hungary, A ed. Peter F. Sugar et al. Bloomington 1990.
Kliuchevsky, V. O., A Course in Russian History: The Seventeenth Century tr. Natalie Duddington. New York, 1994.
Kluchevsky, V. O., A History of Russia, Volume 2 tr. C. J. Hogarth. New York, 1912.
Klyuchevsky, Vasili, The Rise of the Romanovs tr. Liliana Archibald. London, 1970.
Lincoln, W. Bruce, The Romanovs: Autocrats of All the Russias. New York, 1967.
Pares, Bernard, A History of Russia. New York, 1953.
Rambaud, Alfred, Russia, Volume 1. New York, 1900.
Readings in Russian History from Ancient Times to the Abolition of Serfdom ed. Sidney Harcave. New York, 1962.
Riasanovsky, Nicholas V., A History of Russia. New York, 1969.
Stone, Daniel, The Polish-Lithuanian State, 1386-1795. Seattle, 2001.
Walsh, Warren Bartlett, Russia and the Soviet Union: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1958.
Zamoyski, Adam, The Polish Way: A Thousand-year History of the Poles and their Culture. New York, 1987.


Andersson, Ingvar, A History of Sweden tr. Carolyn Hannay. London, 1956.
Birch, J. H. S., Denmark in History. London, 1938.
Derry, T. K., A History of Scandinavia. Minneapolis, 1979.
Gjerset, Knut, History of Iceland. New York, 1924.
Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People. 2 volumes. New York, 1932.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 16: Scandinavia; Switzerland to 1715 ed. Henry Smith Williams in. London, 1926.
Johannesson, Jon, A History of the Old Icelandic Commonwealth tr. Haraldur Bessason. Manitoba, 1974.
Jutikkala, Eino with Kauko Pirinen, A History of Finland. London, 1962.
Larsen, Karen, A History of Norway. Princeton, 1948.
Lauring, Palle, The Kingdom of Denmark tr. David Hohnen. Copenhagen, 1960.
Nilsson, Victor, Sweden. New York, 1899.
Roberts, Michael, The Early Vasas: A History of Sweden, 1523-1611. London, 1968.
Scott, Franklin D., Sweden: The Nation’s History. Minneapolis, 1977.
Sorensen, Sigvart, Norway. New York, 1899.
Wuorinen, John H., A History of Finland. New York, 1965.


Bangs, Carl, Arminius: A Study in the Dutch Reformation. Grand Rapids, 1985.
Blok, Petrus Johannes, History of the People of the Netherlands, Volume 3-4 tr. Oscar A. Bierstadt and  Ruth Putnam. New York, 1900, 1907.
Bredero, G. A., The Spanish Brabanter: A Seventeenth-Century Dutch Social Satire in Five Acts tr. H. David Brumble III. Binghamton, 1982.
Geyl, Pieter, The Netherlands in the Seventeenth Century, Part One: 1609-1648. New York, 1961.
Geyl, Pieter, The Netherlands in the Seventeenth Century, Part Two: 1648-1715. London, 1964.
Geyl, Pieter, Orange and Stuart 1641-1672 tr. by Arnold Pomerans. New York, 1969.
Geyl, Pieter, The Revolt of the Netherlands. London, 1958.
Grotius, Hugo, Some Less Known Works of tr. Wright, Herbert F. Leyden, 1928.
Grotius, Hugo, The Law of War and Peace tr. Francis W. Kelsey. Indianapolis, 1925.
Grotius, Hugo, The Law of War and Peace tr. Louise R. Loomis. New York, 1949.
Israel, Jonathan, The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477-1806. Oxford, 1995.
Meeüs, Adrien de, History of the Belgians tr. G. Gordon. New York, 1962.
Motley, John L., History of the United Netherlands from the Death of William the Silent to the Twelve Years’ Truce, 1609, Volumes 3-6. New York, 1900.
Motley, John L., The Life and Death of John of Barneveldt, 3 volumes. New York, 1902.
Price, J. L., Dutch Culture in the Golden Age. London, 2011.
Rowen, Herbert H., John de Witt, Grand Pensionary of Holland, 1625-1672. Princeton, 1978.
Rowen, Herbert H., The Princes of Orange: The Stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge, 1988.
Vlekke, Bernard H. M., Evolution of the  Dutch Nation. New York, 1945.
Wilson, Charles, The Dutch Republic and the civilization of the seventeenth century. New York, 1968.

Spain and Portugal

Alarcon, Juan Ruiz de, The Truth Can’t be Trusted tr. Dakin Matthews. New Orleans, 1998.
Alarcon, Juan Ruiz de, The Walls Have Ears tr. Dakin Matthews. New Orleans, 1998.
Allen, Paul C., Philip III and the Pax Hispanica, 1598-1621. New Haven, 2000.
Atkinson, William C., A History of Spain and Portugal. Middlesex, 1960.
Bell, Aubrey F. G., Cervantes. New York, 1947.
Bleznick, Donald W., Quevedo. New York, 1972.
Byron, William, Cervantes: A Biography. Garden City, 1978.
Calderon de la Barca, Pedro, Eight Dramas of Calderon tr. Edward FitzGerald. Urbana, 2000.
Calderon de la Barca, Pedro, Four Comedies tr. Kenneth Muir. Kentucky, 1980.
Calderon de la Barca, Four Plays tr. Edwin Honig. New York, 1961.
Calderon de la Barca, Pedro, La gran comedia guardate de la agua mansa (Beware of Still Waters) tr. David M. Gitlitz. Madrid, 1984.
Calderon de la Barca, Pedro, The Painter of His Dishonour tr. A. K. G. Paterson. Warminster, 1991.
Calderon de la Barca, Pedro, Plays: One tr. Gwynne Edwards. London, 1991.
Calderon de la Barca, Pedro, Three Comedies tr. Kenneth Muir and Ann L. MacKenzie. Kentucky, 1985.
Calderon de la Barca, Pedro, The Fake Astrologer tr. Max Oppenheimer, Jr. New York, 1994.
Calderon’s Dramas: The Wonder-working Magician; Life Is a Dream; The Purgatory of Saint Patrick tr. Denis Florence MacCarthy. London, 1873.
Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, The Adventures of Don Quixote tr. J. M. Cohen. Middlesex, 1950.
Cervantes, Miguel de, The Bagnios of Algiers and The Great Sultana: Two Plays of Captivity tr. Barbara Fuchs and Aaron J. Ilika. Philadelphia, 2010.
Cervantes, Miguel de, The Deceitful Marriage and Other Exemplary Novels tr. Walter Starkie. New York, 1963.
Cervantes, Miguel de, Don Quijote tr. Burton Raffel. New York, 1999.
Cervantes, Miguel de, Don Quixote tr. Edith Grossman. New York, 2003.
Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, Don Quixote de La Mancha tr. Walter Starkie. New York, 1957.
Cervantes, Miguel de, The History of Don Quixote de la Mancha tr. John Ormsby. Chicago, 1952.
Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, Exemplary Novels, 4 volumes tr. R. M. Price et al. Warminster, 1992.
Cervantes, Miguel de, Six Exemplary Novels tr. Harriet de Onis. Woodbury, 1961.
Cervantes, The Interludes of tr. S. Griswold Morley. New York, 1948.
Cervantes, Miguel de, The Trials of Persiles and Sigismunda: A Northern Story tr. Celia Richmond Weller and Clark a. Colahan. Berkeley, 1989.
Classic Theatre, Volume III: Six Spanish Plays ed. Eric Bentley. Garden City, 1959.
Companion to Lope de Vega, A ed. Alexander Samson and Jonathan Thacker. Woodbridge, 2008.
Cruickshank, Don W., Don Pedro Calderon. Cambridge, 2009.
Davies, R. Trevor, Spain in Decline 1621-1700. London, 1957.
Elliott, J. H., Imperial Spain 1469-1716. London, 1963.
Feros, Antonio, Kingship and Favoritism in the Spain of Philip III, 1598-1621. Cambridge, 2000.
Fitzmaurice-Kelly, James, A History of Spanish Literature. New York, 1925.
Foster, Virginia Ramos, Baltasar Gracian. Boston, 1975.
Fraser, Antonia, The Warrior Queens. New York, 1988.
Gerber, Jane S., The Jews of Spain A History of the Sephardic Experience. New York, 1992.
Gongora, Luis de, Selected Poems of tr. John Dent-Young. Chicago, 2007.
Gracian, Balthasar, The Art of Worldly Wisdom tr. Joseph Jacobs. New York, 1892.
Gracian, Baltasar, A Pocket Mirror for Heroes tr. Christopher Maurer. New York, 1996.
Gracian, Baltasar, A Pocket Oracle and Art of Prudence tr. Jeremy Robbins. London, 2011.
Griffiths, Major Arthur, In Spanish Prisons: The Inquisition at Home and Abroad, Prisons Past and Present. New York, 1991.
Halkhoree, P. R. K., Social and Literary Satire in the Comedies of Tirso de Molina. Ottawa, 1989.
Hayes, Francis C., Lope de Vega. New York, 1967.
Hesse, Everett W., Calderon de la Barca. New York, 1967.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 10: Spain and Portugal ed. Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Hsia, R. Po-Chia, The World of Catholic Renewal, 1540-1770. Cambridge, 2005.
Kamen, Henry, The Spanish Inquisition: An Historical Revision. London, 1997.
Livermore, H. V., A New History of Portugal. Cambridge, 1976.
Lynch, John, The Hispanic World in Crisis and Change 1598-1700. Oxford, 1992.
Marques, A. H. de Oliveira, History of Portugal, Volume 1: From Lusitania to Empire. New York, 1972.
McGrady, Donald, Mateo Aleman. New York, 1968.
Merriman, Roger Bigelow, The Rise of the Spanish Empire in the Old World and in the New, Volume 2 The Catholic Kings. New York, 1918.
Molina, Tirso de, The Bashful Man at Court, Don Gil of the Breeches Green, The Doubter Damned tr. John Browning and Fiorigio Minelli. Ottawa, 1991.
Molina, Tirso de, Tamar’s Revenge tr. John Lyon. Warminster, 1988.
Morrison, Robert R., Lope de Vega and the Comedia de Santos. New York, 2000.
Newitt, Malyn, Portugal in European and World History. London,2009.
Nowell, Charles E., A History of Portugal. New York, 1952.
Payne, Stanley G., A History of Spain and Portugal, Volume 1. Madison, 1973.
Poesse, Walter, Juan Ruiz De Alarcon. New York, 1972.
Quevedo, The Choice Humorous and Satirical Works tr. Roger L’Estrange, John Stevens, and Charles Duff. London, 1926.
Rennert, Hugo Albert, The Life of Lope de Vega (1562-1635). New York, 1904.
Smith, Bradley, Spain: A History in Art. Garden City, no date.
Smith, Rhea Marsh, Spain: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1965.
Stephens, H. Morse, The Story of Portugal. New York, 1891.
Stradling, R. A., Spain’s Struggle for Europe 1598-1668. London, 1994.
Stradling, R. A., Philip IV and the Government of Spain 1621-1665. Cambridge, 1988.
Three Golden Age Plays: The Duchess of Amalfi’s Steward and The Capulets and Montagues by Lope de Vega and Cleopatra by Rojas Zorrilla tr. Gwynne Edwards. London, 2005.
Three Spanish Sacramental Plays: For Our Sake by Lope de Vega, The Bandit Queen by Maestro Josef de Valdivielso, King Belshazzar’s Feast by Pedro Calderon de la Barca tr. R. G. Barnes. San Francisco, 1969.
Two Spanish Picaresque Novels: Lazarillo de Tormes and The Swindler (El Buscon) by Francisco de Quevedo. Middlesex, 1969.
Vega, Lope de, Acting Is Believing tr. Michael D. McGaha. San Antonio, 1986.
Vega, Lope de, The Best Boy in Spain tr. David Gitlitz. Tempe, 1999.
Vega, Lope de, The Discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus tr. Frieda Fligelman. Berkeley, 1950.
Vega, Lope de, La Dorotea tr. Alan S. Trueblood and Edwin Honig. Cambridge, 1985.
Vega, Lope de, 5 Plays tr. Jill Booty. New York, 1961.
Vega, Lope de, Four Plays tr. John Garrett Underhill. New York, 1936.
Vega, Lope de, Lady Nitwit tr. William I. Oliver. Tempe, 1998.
Vega, Lope de, Madness in Valencia tr. David Johnston Peribañez and the Comendador of Ocaña tr. Nick Drake. London, 1998.
Vega, Lope de, Plays One: The Innocent Child, The Jewess of Toledo tr. Michael Jacobs. London, 2001.
Vega, Lope de, Three Major Plays tr. Gwynne Edwards. Oxford, 1999.
Watson, Robert and William Thomson, The History of Philip the Third, King of Spain. London, 1839.
Williams, Patrick, The Great Favourite: The Duke of Lerma and the court and government of Philip III of Spain, 1598-1621. Manchester, 2006.
Wilson, Margaret, Tirso de Molina. Boston, 1977.


Basile, Giambattista, The Pentameron tr. Richard Burton. London, 1927.
Becker, Marvin B., Florence in Transition, 2 volumes. Baltimore, 1967-68.
Campanella, Tommaso, The City of the Sun: A Poetical Dialogue tr. Daniel J. Donno. Berkeley, 1981.
Campanella, Selected Philosophical Poems of Tommaso tr. Sherry Roush. Chicago, 2011.
Collison-Morley, Lacy, Naples Through the Centuries. New York, 1924.
Croce, Benedetto, History of the Kingdom of Naples tr. Frances Frenaye. Chicago, 1970.
Daniel-Ropps, H., The Church in the Seventeenth Century tr. J. J. Buckingham, Volume 1. Garden City, 1963.
Galilei, Galileo, Concerning the Two Sciences tr. Henry Crew and Alfonso de Salvio. Chicago, 1952.
Galileo, Discoveries and Opinions of tr. Stillman Drake. Garden City, 1957.
Finley, M. I., et al, A History of Sicily. New York, 1986.
Hanlon, Gregory, The Twilight of a Military Tradition: Italian Aristocrats and European Conflicts 1560-1800. New York, 1998.
Headley, John M., Tommaso Campanella and the Transformation of the World. Princeton, 1997.
Hibbert, Christopher, The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall. New York, 1974.
Hibbert, Christopher, Venice: The Biography of a City. New York, 1989.
Historians’ History of the World, Volume 9: Italy ed Henry Smith Williams. London, 1926.
Hsia, R. Po-Chia, The World of Catholic Renewal, 1540-1770. Cambridge, 2005.
Italy in the Baroque ed. & tr. Brendan Dooley. New York, 1995.
Montanelli, Indro and Robert Gervaso, Italy in the Golden Centuries. Chicago, 1967.
Muir, Edward, The Culture Wars of the Late Renaissance: Skeptics, Libertines, and Opera. Cambridge, 2007.
Norwich, John Julius, A History of Venice. New York, 1982.
Oxford History of Italy, The ed. George Holmes. Oxford, 1997.
Pastor, Ludwig, The History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages, Volumes 25-30. London, 1937-1940.
Ranke, Leopold von, History of the Popes: Their Church and State tr. E. Fowler, Volumes 2-3. New York, 1901.
Renaissance Philosophy, Volume 1: The Italian Philosophers: Selected Readings from Petrarch to Bruno tr. Arturo B. Fallico and Herman Shapiro. New York, 1967.
Rich, the Well Born, and the Powerful, The: Elites and Upper Classes in History ed. Frederic Cople Jaher. Secaucus, 1973.
Santillana, Giorgio de, The Crime of Galileo. Chicago, 1955.
Sella, Domenico, Italy in the Seventeenth Century. London, 1997.
Smith, Denis Mack, A History of Sicily: Medieval Sicily 800-1713. New York, 1968.
White, Andrew Dickson, A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom, 2 volumes. New York, 1896.
White, Andrew Dickson, Seven Great Statesmen in the Warfare of Humanity with Unreason. New York, 1910.
Young, G. F., The Medici. New York, 1930.


Abraham, Claude, Pierre Corneille. New York, 1972.
Bedoyere, Michael de la, François de Sales. New York, 1960.
Belloc, Hilaire, Richelieu. London, 1930.
Bercé, Yves-Marie, The Birth of Absolutism: A History of France, 1598-1661 tr. Richard Rex. New York, 1996.
Bergin, Joseph, Cardinal Richelieu: Power and the pursuit of wealth. New Haven, 1985.
Bishop, Morris, Blaise Pascal. New York, 1966.
Bishop, Morris, Pascal; The Life of Genius. New York, 1936.
Blanchard, Jean-Vincent, Eminence: Cardinal Richelieu and the Rise of France. New York, 2011.
Bonney, Richard, Society and Government in France under Richelieu and Mazarin, 1624-61. New York, 1988.
Buisseret, David, Sully and the growth of centralized government in France 1598-1610. London, 1968.
Carlin, Claire L., Pierre Corneille Revisited. London, 1998.
Castries, Rene de La Croix, duc de, The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France. New York, 1979.
Church, William F., Richelieu and Reason of State. Princeton, 1972.
Clarke, Desmond M., Descartes: A Biography. Cambridge, 2006.
Classic Theatre, The, Volume IV: Six French Plays ed. Eric Bentley. Garden City, 1961.
Cole, John R., Pascal: The Man and His Two Loves. New York, 1995.
Corneille, The Chief Plays of tr. Lacy Lockert. Princeton, 1957.
Corneille, Pierre, The Cid, Cinna, The Theatrical Illusion tr. John Cairncross. Middlesex, 1975.
Corneille, Pierre, Polydeuctus, The Liar, Nicomedes tr. John Cairncross. Middlesex, 1980.
Corneille, Pierre, Rodogune tr. William G. Clubb. Lincoln, 1974.
Corneille, Pierre, Seven Plays tr. Samuel Solomon. New York, 1989.
Coste, Pierre, The Life & Works of Saint Vincent de Paul, 3 volumes tr. Joseph Leonard. Westminster, 1934-1935.
Crowe, Eyre Evans, The History of France, Volume 2. London, 1860.
Davidson, Hugh M., Blaise Pascal. Boston, 1983.
Descartes: Critical Assessments, René, ed. Georges J. D. Moyal, Volume IV. London, 1991.
Descartes: His Moral Philosophy and Psychology tr. John J. Blom. New York, 1978.
Descartes, René, A Discourse on Method, Discourse on the Method, Meditations on First Philosophy, Objections against the Meditations and Replies tr. E. S. Haldane and G. R. T. Ross. Chicago, 1952.
Descartes, René, Meditations on First Philosophy with Selections from the Objections and Replies tr. Michael Moriarty. Oxford, 2008.
Descartes, The Philosophical Works of René, 2 volumes tr. E. S. Haldane and G. R. T. Ross. London, 1967, 1970.
French Humanism 1470-1600 ed. Werner L. Gundersheimer. New York, 1969.
French Utopias: An Anthology of Ideal Societies tr. Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel. New York, 1966.
Giordani, Igino, St. Vincent de Paul: Servant of the Poor tr. Thomas J. Tobin. Milwaukee, 1961.
Goubert, Pierre, The Course of French History tr. Maarten Ultee. New York, 1988.
Gourney, Marie le Jars de, Apology for the Woman Writing and other works tr. Richard Hillman and Colette Quesnel. Chicago, 2002.
Greengrass, Mark, France in the Age of Henri IV: the struggle for stability. London, 1995.
Guérard. Albert, France: A Modern History. Ann Arbor, 1959.
Guérard. Albert, France in the Classical Age: The Life and Death of an Ideal. New York, 1956.
Guizot, M., History of France, Volumes 3-4 tr. Robert Black. New York, 1900.
Hamon, Abbé adapted by Harold Burton, The Life of St Francis de Sales, 2 volumes. New York, 1925, 1929.
Henry-Couannier, Maurice, Saint Francis de Sales and His Friends tr. Veronica Morrow. Chicago, 1964.
Howarth, W. D., Life and Letters in France: The Seventeenth Century. New York, 1965.
Huxley, Aldous, The Devils of Loudun. New York, 1952.
Huxley, Aldous, Grey Eminence: A Study in Religion and Politics. New York, 1941.
Impact of Absolutism in France: National Experience Under Richelieu, Mazarin, and Louis XIV, The ed. William F. Church. New York, 1969.
Kenny, Anthony, Descartes: A Study of His Philosophy. New York, 1968.
Kitchin, G. W., A History of France, Volume 2. Oxford, 1896, 1899.
Mallinson, G. J., The Comedies of Corneille: Experiments in the comic. Manchester, 1984.
Marceau, William C., Optimism in the Works of St. Francis de Sales. Lewiston, 1989.
Margitic, Milorad R., Cornelian Power Games: Variation on a Theme in Pierre Corneille’s Theatre from Mélite to Polyeucte. Gunter, 2002.
Marvick, Elizabeth Wirth, Louis XIII: The Making of a King. New Haven, 1986.
Memoirs of Marguerite de Valois: Queen of France, Wife of Henry IV. New York, 1910.
New History of French Literature, A ed. Denis Hollier. Cambridge, 1989.
Parrot, David, Richelieu’s Army: War, Government and Society in France, 1624-1642. Cambridge, 2001.
Pascal, The Essential tr. G. F. Pullen. New York, 1966.
Pascal, Blaise, The Provincial Letters tr. Thomas M’Crie, Pensées tr. W. F. Trotter, Scientific Treatises tr. Richard Scofield. Chicago, 1952.
Pascal, Great Shorter Works of tr. Emile Cailliet and John C. Blankenagel. Westport, 1948.
Politics and Religion in Early Bourbon France ed. Alison Forrestal and Eric Nelson. London, 2009.
Pujo, Bernard, Vincent de Paul the Trailblazer tr. Gertrud Graubart Champe. Notre Dame, 2003.
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Steiner, Gary, Descartes as a Moral Thinker: Christianity, Technology, Nihilism. Amherst, 2004.
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England, Scotland, and Ireland

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Elizabethan People: State and Society ed. Joel Hurstfield and Alan G. R. Smith. New York, 1972.
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I, Prince Tudor, Wrote Shakespeare: An Autobiography from His Two Ciphers in Poetry and Prose ed. Margaret Barsi-Greene. Boston, 1973.
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Jonson, Ben, Three Plays, Volume 2. New York, 1961.
Jonson, Ben and the Cavalier Poets ed. Hugh Maclean. New York, 1974.
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Lives of the Stuart Age 1603-1714 ed. Edwin Riddell. New York, 1976.
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Luke, Mary M., Gloriana: The Years of Elizabeth I. New York, 1973.
MacCaffrey, Wallace, The Shaping of the Elizabethan Regime. Princeton, 1968.
MacCaffrey, Wallace T., Elizabeth I: War and Politics 1588-1603. Princeton, 1992.
Mackenzie, Agnes Mure, The Rise of the Stewarts. Edinburgh, 1935.
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Marlowe, Christopher, Doctor Faustus ed. David Bevington and Eric Rasmussen. Manchester, 1993.
Marlowe, Christopher, Doctor Faustus ed. Sylvan Barnet. New York, 1969.
Marlowe, Christopher, Edward the Second ed. Charles R. Forker. Manchester, 1994.
Marlowe, The Plays of Christopher. New York, 1909.
Marlowe, The Plays of Christopher ed. Leo Kirschbaum. Cleveland, 1962.
Marlowe: A Collection of Critical Essays ed. Clifford Leech. Englewood Cliffs, 1964.
Marshall, Peter, Reformation England 1480-1642. London, 2012.
Marston, John, The Malcontent and Other Plays. Oxford, 1997.
Marston, The Plays of John, Volume 3. Edinburgh, 1939
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Massinger, The Selected Plays of Philip. Cambridge, 1978.
Metaphysical Poets, The ed. Helen Gardner. London, 1972.
Middleton, Thomas. London, no date.
Middleton, The Selected Plays of Thomas. Cambridge, 1978.
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Copyright © 2015 by Sanderson Beck

EUROPE Wars & Plays 1588-1648 has been published as a book .
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EUROPE & Reform 1517-1588

Germanic Empire and the 30-Year War
Eastern Europe 1588-1648
Scandinavia 1588-1648
Netherlands Divided 1588-1648
Spanish and Portuguese Empires 1588-1648
Cervantes, Lope de Vega & Calderon
Italy and Spanish Rule 1588-1648
France’s Henri IV, Richelieu & Mazarin
Vincent, Descartes & Corneille
England, Ireland & Scotland 1588-1625
Britain of Charles and Civil War 1625-49
Shakespeare’s Plays
English Theater 1588-1642
Summary and Evaluation


Chronology of Europe 1588-1648
World Chronology

BECK index