BECK index


General and Prehistoric
Ancient Near East
Islamic Middle East to 1875
Africa to 1875

Mideast & Africa to 1700 has been published as a book .
For ordering information, please click here.

General and Prehistoric

Beck, Sanderson, Guides to Peace and Justice. Ojai, 2003.
Beck, Sanderson, Life As a Whole. Farmingdale, 1987.
Bronowski, J., The Ascent of Man. Boston, 1975.
Burns, Edward McNall and Philip Lee Ralph, World Civilizations. New York, 1974.
Cayce, Edgar Evans, Edgar Cayce on Atlantis. New York, 1968.
Chronicle of the World ed. Jerome Burne. London, 1989.
Churchward, James, The Children of Mu. New York, 1931.
Churchward, James, The Cosmic Forces of Mu. New York, 1934.
Churchward, James, The Lost Continent of Mu. New York, 1931.
Churchward, James, The Sacred Symbols of Mu. New York, 1933.
Churchward, James, The Second Book of the Cosmic Forces of Mu. New York, 1935.
Davidson, Basil, African Kingdoms. New York, 1966.
Dawn of African History, The ed. Roland Oliver. London, 1968.
Dawn of Civilization, The ed. Stuart Piggott. New York, 1961.
Development of Civilization, The ed. Harry J. Carroll et al, Volume 1. Chicago, 1961.
Diamond, Jared, Guns, Germs, and Steel. New York, 1999.
Dobzhansky, Theodosius, Mankind Evolving. Toronto, 1962.
Donnelly, Ignatius, Atlantis ed. Egerton Sykes. New York, 1949.
Durant, Will, Our Oriental Heritage. New York, 1935.
Eisler, Riane, The Chalice and the Blade. San Francisco, 1987.
Eliade, Mircea, A History of Religious Ideas, Vol. 1: From the Stone Age to the Eleusinian Mysteries tr. Willard R. Trask. Chicago, 1978.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 30 volumes. Chicago, 1975.
Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 volumes ed. Paul Edwards. New York, 1967.
Encyclopedia of World History, An ed. William L. Langer. Boston, 1980.
Grant, Michael, Ancient History. New York, 1952.
Grun, Bernard, The Timetables of History. New York, 1979.
Hauser, Arnold, The Social History of Art, 4 volumes. New York, 1951.
Haviland, William A., Cultural Anthropology. Fort Worth, 1990.
Hawkes, Jacquetta and Leonard Woolley, Prehistory and the Beginnings of Civilization. New York, 1963.
The Historians' History of the World ed. Henry Smith Williams, Volumes 1-5. London, 1926.
Nouy, Lecomte du, Human Destiny. New York, 1947.
Papers in African Prehistory ed. J. D. Fage and R. A. Oliver. Cambridge, 1970.
Pfeiffer, John E., The Emergence of Man. New York, 1969.
Ponting, Clive, A Green History of the World. New York, 1991.
Robinson, Victor, The Story of Medicine. New York, 1931.
Spence, Lewis, The History of Atlantis. New York, 1968.
Times Atlas of World History, The ed. Geoffrey Barraclough. Maplewood, 1984.
Trager, James, The People's Chronology. New York, 1992.
Wenke, Robert J., Patterns in Prehistory. New York, 1984.
White, Leslie A., The Evolution of Culture. New York, 1959.
Wisdom Bible from Ancient China, India, Greece, the Middle East, and Rome tr. Sanderson Beck. Ojai, 2002.
World of the Past, The ed. Jacquetta Hawkes, 2 volumes. New York, 1963.

Ancient Near East

Aldred, Cyril, Akhenaten: King of Egypt. London, 1988.
Aldred, Cyril, The Egyptians. New York, 1961.
Anchor Bible Dictionary, The, six volumes ed. David Noel Freedman. New York, 1992.
Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, The tr. R. O. Faulkner. Oxford, 1969.
Ancient Egyptians, The: A Sourcebook of Their Writings tr. Adolf Erman and Aylward M. Blackman. New York, 1966.
Babylonian and Assyrian Literature tr. Leonidas Le Cenci Hamilton et al. New York, 1901.
Beck, Sanderson, Ancient Wisdom and Folly. Ojai, 2002.
Beaulieu, Paul-Alain, The Reign of Nabonidus King of Babylon 556-539. New Haven, 1989.
Bratton, Fred Gladstone, Myths and Legends of the Ancient Near East. New York, 1970.
Breasted, James Henry, A History of Egypt. New York, 1909.
Budge, E. A. Wallis, The Dwellers on the Nile. New York, 1926.
Budge, E. A. Wallis, The Egyptian Book of the Dead. New York, 1895.
Budge, E. A. Wallis, The Egyptian Heaven and Hell. La Salle, 1905.
Budge, E. A. Wallis, Egyptian Literature, 2 volumes. London, 1912.
Budge, E. A. Wallis, Egyptian Magic. New York, 1901.
Budge, E. A. Wallis, Egyptian Religion. New York, 1900.
Budge, E. A. Wallis, A History of Egypt Vol. 1-3. London, 1902.
Budge, E. A. Wallis, Osiris. New Hyde Park, 1961.
Cambridge Ancient History, The Vol. 1, Part 2 ed. I. E. S. Edwards et al. Cambridge, 1971.
Cambridge Ancient History, The Vol. 2 in 2 Parts ed. I. E. S. Edwards et al. Cambridge, 1973, 1975.
Cambridge Ancient History, The Vol. 3 in 2 Parts ed. John Boardman et al. Cambridge, 1982, 1991.
Cambridge History of Iran, The Vol. 2 ed. Ilya Gershevitch. Cambridge, 1985.
Casson, Lionel, Ancient Egypt. New York, 1965.
Chahin, M., The Kingdom of Armenia. New York, 1987.
Cruden, Alexander, Complete Concordance of the Old and New Testaments. Grand Rapids, 1968.
Dandamaev, Muhammad A., The Culture and Social Institutions of Ancient Iran. Cambridge, 1989.
Desroches-Noblecourt, Tutankhamen. Garden City, 1965.
Dhalla, Maneckji Nusservanji, History of Zoroastrianism. New York, 1938.
Dhalla, Maneckji Nusservanji, Zoroastrian Civilization. New York, 1922.
Dimont, Max I., Jews, God and History. New York, 1962.
Epic of Gilgamesh, The tr. N. K. Sandars. Baltimore, 1964.
Ellis, Peter F., The Men and the Message of the Old Testament. Collegeville, 1963.
Frankfort, Henri, The Birth of Civilization in the Near East. Garden City, 1951.
Frankfort, Henri, Kingship and the Gods. Chicago, 1948.
Gardiner, Alan, Egypt of the Pharaohs. London, 1961.
Gaster, Theodor H., The Oldest Stories in the World. Boston, 1952.
Gaster, Theodor H., Thespis. New York, 1961.
Ghirshman, R., Iran From the Earliest Times to the Islamic Conquest. Middlesex, 1954.
Gilbert, Martin, Atlas of Jewish History. United States,1985.
Graham, Lloyd M., Deceptions and Myths of the Bible. New York, 1975.
Grant, Michael, The History of Ancient Israel. New York, 1984.
Graetz, Heinrich, History of the Jews, Vol. 1. Philadelphia, 1891.
Grayzel, Solomon, A History of the Jews. Philadelphia, 1947.
Gurney, O. R., The Hittites. Baltimore, 1962.
Heidel, Alexander, The Babylonian Genesis. Chicago, 1951.
Hermann, Siegfried, A History of Israel in Old Testament Times, tr. John Bowden. Philadelphia, 1981.
Herzfeld, Ernst, Zoroaster and His World, 2 volumes. Princeton, 1947.
Interpreter's Bible, The, Volume 1 ed. George Arthur Buttrick et al. New York, 1952.
Introduction to Ancient Egypt, An ed. T. G. H. James. London, 1979.
Josephus, Complete Works, tr. William Whiston. Grand Rapids, 1960.
Kitchen, K. A., Pharaoh Triumphant: The Life and Times of Ramesses II. Warminster, 1982.
Kitchen, K. A., The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (1100-650 BC). Warminster, 1986.
Kramer, Samuel Noah, History Begins At Sumer. Garden City, 1959.
Kramer, Samuel Noah, Sumerian Mythology. Philadelphia, 1961.
Kramer, Samuel Noah, The Sumerians. Chicago, 1963.
Kuhrt, Amélie, The Ancient Near East c. 3000-330 BC, 2 Volumes. London, 1995.
Legacy of Egypt, The, ed. S. R. K. Glanville. Oxford, 1942.
Lehmann, Johannes, The Hittites tr. J. Maxwell Brownjohn. New York, 1975.
Lichtheim, Miriam, Ancient Egyptian Literature, 3 volumes. Berkeley, 1973, 1976, 1980.
Masani, Rustom, Zoroastrianism. New York, 1968.
Maspero, Gaston, Popular Stories of Ancient Egypt tr. A. S. Johns. New Hyde Park, 1967.
Myths from Mesopotamia tr. Stephanie Dalley. Oxford, 1989.
Neil, William, Harper's Bible Commentary. New York, 1962.
New Bible Dictionary, ed. J. D. Douglas et al. Leicester, 1962.
New English Bible with the Apocrypha. New York, 1970.
NIV Bible Commentary, Vol. 1: Old Testament ed. Kenneth L. Barker & John Kohlenberger III. Grand Rapids, 1994.
Olmstead, A. T., History of Assyria. Chicago, 1951.
Olmstead, A. T., History of the Persian Empire. Chicago, 1948.
Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha Revised Standard Version, ed. Herbert G. May and Bruce M. Metzger. New York, 1965.
Oxford Companion to the Bible, ed. Bruce M. Metzger and Michael D. Coogan. New York, 1993.
Petrie, W. M. Flinders, A History of Egypt From the XIXth to the XXXth Dynasties. New York, 1905.
Pritchard, James B., ed., The Ancient Near East, 2 volumes. Princeton, 1958, 1975.
Redford, Donald B., Akhenaten: The Heretic King. Princeton, 1984.
Roux, Georges, Ancient Iraq. New York, 1980.
Rossiter, Evelyn, The Book of the Dead. London, 1979.
Sack, Ronald H., Images of Nebuchadnezzar. London, 1991.
Saggs, H. W. F., The Might That Was Assyria. London, 1984.
Taraporewala, Irach J. S., The Divine Songs of Zarathushtra. Bombay, 1951.
Textual Sources for the Study of Zoroastrianism ed. and tr. Mary Boyce. Manchester, 1984.
Van Seters, John, Abraham in History and Tradition. New Haven, 1975.
Van Seters, John, The Hyksos. New Haven, 1966.
Wilson, John A., The Culture of Ancient Egypt originally published as The Burden of Egypt. Chicago, 1951.
Woolley, C. Leonard, The Sumerians. New York, 1965.
Zaehner, R. C., The Dawn and Twilight of Zoroastrianism. New York, 1961.

Islamic Middle East to 1700

‘Abbasid Belles-Lettres ed. Julia Ashtiany et al. Cambridge, 1990.

Abu Bakr Siraj Ed-Din, The Book of Certainty. New York, 1974.

Abu Laylah, Muhammad, In Pursuit of Virtue: The Moral Theology and Psychology of Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi with a translation of his Al-Akhlaq wa’l-Siyar. London, 1990.

Abu-l-Fazl, The Akbar Nama, 3 volumes tr. H. Beveridge. Delhi, 1972-1973.

Ali, S. V. Mir Ahmed, Husain: The Saviour of Islam. Baldwin, NY, 1964.

Anthology of Islamic Literature ed. James Kritzeck. New York, 1964.

Arab Historians of the Crusades tr. Francesco Gabrieli and E. J. Costello. Berkeley, 1969.

 Attar, Farid Ud-Din, The Conference of the Birds (Mantiq Ut-Tair) tr. Garcin de Tassy and C. S. Nott. New York, 1954.

‘Attar, Farid al-Din, The Ilahi-Nama or Book of God tr. John Andrew Boyle. Manchester, 1976.

Attar, Farid al-Din, Muslim Saints and Mystics tr. A. J. Arberry. London, 1966.

 ‘Azzam, ‘Abd-al-Rahman, The Eternal Message of Muhammad. New York, 1964.

Bakalla, M. H., Arabic Culture Through Its Language and Literature. London, 1984.

Bausani, Alessandro, Religion in Iran from Zoroaster to Bahá’u’llah tr. J. M. Marchesi. New York, 2000.

Beck, Sanderson, Age of Belief. Santa Barbara, 2003.

Berkes, Niyazi, The Development of Secularism in Turkey. New York, 1998.

Black, Antony, The History of Islamic Political Thought. New York, 2001.

Book of Dede Korkut, The tr. Geoffrey Lewis. Middlesex, 1974.

Bournoutian, George A., A Concise History of the Armenian People. Costa Mesa, 2003.

Bridge, Antony, Suleiman the Magnificent. London, 1983.

Browne, Edward G., A Literary History of Persia, Volumes 1-4. Cambridge, 1902, 1906, 1920, 1924.

Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail, Book of Muslim Morals and Manners tr. Yusuf Talal DeLorenzo. Alexandria, 1997.

Cambridge History of Iran, The, Vol. 4 ed. R. N. Frye. Cambridge, 1975.

Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 5 ed. J. A. Boyle. Cambridge, 1968.

Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 6 ed. Peter Jackson. Cambridge, 1986.

Cambridge History of Islam, The, 2 volumes ed. P. M. Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton, and Bernard Lewis. Cambridge, 1970.

Chittick, William C., The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings of Afdal al-Din Kashani. Oxford, 2001.

Chittick, William C., The Sufi Path of Love: The Spiritual Teachings of Rumi. Albany, 1983.

Cook, Michael, Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong in Islamic Thought. Cambridge, 2000.

Corbin, Henry, Avicenna and the Visionary Recital tr. Willard R. Trask. Irving, 1980.

Dabistan or School Manners, The tr. David Shea and Anthony Troyer. New York, 1901.

Davis, Dick, Epic and Sedition: The Case of Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh. Fayetteville, 1992.

Dede Korkut, The Book of tr. Geoffrey Lewis. Middlesex, 1974.

Desatir, The tr. Mulla Firuz Bin Kaus. San Diego, 1975.

Dhalla, Maneckji Nusservanji, Zoroastrian Civilization. New York, 1922.

Donaldson, Dwight M., Studies in Muslim Ethics. London, 1953.

Doukas, Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks tr. Harry J. Magoulias. Detroit, 1975.

Dunn, Ross E., The Adventures of Ibn Battuta. Berkeley, 1986.

Durant, Will, The Age of Faith. New York, 1950.

Early Islamic Mysticism tr. Michael A. Sells. New York, 1996.

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, The ed. Norman F. Cantor. New York, 1999.

Ewans, Martin, Afghanistan: A Short History of Its People and Politics. New York, 2001.

Fakhry, Majid, Ethical Theories in Islam. Leiden, 1994.

Farhadi, A. G. Ravan, ‘Abdullah Ansari of Herat (1006-1089 C.E.): An Early Sufi Master. Richmond Surrey, 1996.

Faruki, Kemal A., The Evolution of Islamic Constitutional Theory and Practice. Karachi, 1971.

Ferishta, Mahomed Kasim, History of the Rise of the Mahomedan Power in India till the Year A.D. 1612, Vol. 1 tr. John Briggs. London, 1829.

Firdus, The Shah Nameh tr. James Atkinson. New York, 1900.

Fisher, Sydney Nettleton and William Ochsenwald, The Middle East: A History, Volume 1. New York, 1997.

Freely, John, Inside the Seraglio: Private Lives of the Sultans in Istanbul. London, 1999.

Fromkin, David, A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East. New York, 1989.

Ghazali, The Incoherence of the Philosophers tr. Michael E. Marmura. Provo, 1997.

Ghazzali, Abu Hamid Muhammad, The Alchemy of Happiness tr. Claud Field and Elton L. Daniel. New York, 1991.

Ghazzali, Imam, Ihya’ ‘Ulum-ud-Din (The Revival of Religious Learnings) 4 volumes tr. al-Haj Maulana Fazal-ul-Karim. Lahore, 1993.

Ghirshman, R., Iran From the Earliest Times to the Islamic Conquest. Middlesex, 1954.

Gibb, E. J. W., A History of Ottoman Poetry Volume 1-4. London, 1900, 1902, 1904, 1905.

Glubb, John Bagot, Haroon al Rasheed and the Great Abbasids. London, 1976.

Goodman, Lenn E., Avicenna. London, 1992.

Graetz, Heinrich, History of the Jews, 6 volumes. Philadelphia, 1895.

Great Dates in Islamic History ed. Robert Mantran. New York, 1996.

Great Ottoman-Turkish Civilization, Volume 1: Politics ed. Halil Inalcik. Ankara, 2000.

Great Ottoman-Turkish Civilization, Volume 2: Economy and Society ed. Kemal Cicek. Ankara, 2000.

Great Ottoman-Turkish Civilization, Volume 4: Culture and Arts ed. Kemal Cicek. Ankara, 2000.

Great Thinkers of the Eastern World ed. Ian P. McGreal. New York, 1995.

Greenlees, Duncan, The Gospel of the Prophet Mani. Adyar, 1956.

Guillaume, Alfred, Islam. Middlesex, 1956.

Hafiz, Fifty Poems of tr. Arthur J. Arberry. London, 1953.

Hafiz, The Green Sea of Heaven: Fifty ghazals from the Diwan tr. Elizabeth T. Gray, Jr. Ashland, 1995.

Hafiz, Rubaiyat of: Love’s Perfect Gift tr. Paul Smith. 1986.

Haykal, Muhammad Husayn, The Life of Muhammad tr. Isma‘il Ragi A. al Faruqi. Philadelphia, 1976.

Heritage of Armenian Literature, The Volume 2 ed. Agop J. Hacikyan et al. Detroit, 2002.

Heritage of Sufism, The, Volumes 1-3 ed. Leonard Lewisohn. Oxford, 1999.

Hillenbrand, Carole, The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives. New York, 2000.

History of Islamic Philosophy, Part 1 ed. Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman. London, 1996.

History of Muslim Philosophy, A ed. M. M. Sharif, 2 volumes. Wiesbaden, 1963, 1966.

History of the Crusades, A, Volume 1: The First Hundred Years ed. Marshall W. Baldwin. Madison, 1969.

History of the Crusades, A, Volume 2: The Later Crusades, 1189-1311 ed. Robert Lee Wolff and Harry W. Hazard. Madison, 1969.

History of the Crusades, A, Volume 5: The Impact of the Crusades on the Near East ed. Norman P. Zacour and Harry W. Hazard. Madison, 1985.

History of the Ottoman State, Society & Civilisation, Vol. 1 ed. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu. Istanbul, 2001.

Hitti, Philip K., History of the Arabs. London, 1970.

Hodgson, Marshall G. S., The Venture of Islam, Volume 1: The Classical Age of Islam. Chicago, 1974.

Hodgson, Marshall G. S., The Venture of Islam, Volume 2: The Expansion of Islam in the Middle Periods. Chicago, 1974.

Hookham, Hilda, Tamburlaine the Conqueror. London, 1962.

Hourani, Albert, A History of the Arab Peoples. Cambridge, 1991.

Hourani, George, Islamic Rationalism: The Ethics of ‘Abd al-Jabbar. Oxford, 1971.

Hourani, George F., Reason and Tradition in Islamic Ethics. Cambridge, 1985.

Ibn ‘Arabi, Mhuyiddin, A Commemorative Volume ed. Stephen Hirtenstein and Michael Tiernan. Shaftesbury, 1993.

Ibn ‘Arabi, Hadrat Mhuyiddin, Divine Governance of the Human Kingdom tr. Shaikh Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi al-Halveti. Louisville, 1997.

Ibn ‘Ata’illah, The Book of Wisdom tr. Victor Danner. New York, 1978.

Ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah tr. A. Guillaume, The Life of Muhammad. Oxford, 1955.

Ikbal Ali Shah, Sirdar, Islamic Sufism. New York, 1933.

Irving, Washington, Conquest of Spain. New York, 1849.

Irving, Washington, Mahomet and His Successors. New York, 1849.

Islam from the Prophet Muhammad to the Capture of Constantinople, ed. Bernard Lewis, 2 volumes. New York, 1974

Islamic Art ed. Pratapaditya Pal. Los Angeles, 1973.

Islamic World, The ed. William H. McNeill and Marilyn Robinson Waldman. Chicago, 1973.

Itzkowitz, Norman, Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition. Chicago, 1972.

Jackson, Sherman A., Islamic Law and the State: The Constitutional Jurisprudence of Shihab al-Din al-Qarafi. Leiden, 1996.

Jami, The Precious Pearl tr. Nicholas Heer. Albany, 1979.

Jami, Hakim Nuruddin Abdurrahman, Yusuf and Zulaikha tr. David Pendlebury. London, 1980.

Kai Ka’us ibn Iskandar, A Mirror for Princes (Qabus Nama) tr. Reuben Levy. London, 1951.

Kashifi Sabzawari, Husayn Wa ‘iz, The Royal Book of Spiritual Chivalry (Futuwat namah-yi sultani) tr. Jay R. Crook. Chicago, 2000.

Kennedy, Hugh, Muslim Spain and Portugal. London, 1996.

Kennedy, Hugh, The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates. London, 1986.

Khayyam, Omar, The Rubaiyat tr. Edward Fitzgerald, the five authorized versions. New York, 1942.

Khayyam, Omar, The Rubaiyat tr. Peter Avery and John Heath-Stubbs. London, 1979.

Kinross, Lord, The Ottoman Centuries. New York, 1977.

Koestler, Arthur, The Thirteenth Tribe: The Khazar Empire and its Heritage. New York, 1976.

Koran, The tr. N. J. Dawood. Middlesex, 1968.

Koran Interpreted, The tr. Arthur J. Arberry. New York, 1955.

Kortepeter, Carl Max, Ottoman Imperialism During the Reformation: Europe and the Caucasus. New York, 1972.

Kraemer, Joel L., Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam: The Cultural Revival During the Buyid Age. Leiden, 1992.

Lamb, Harold, The Crusades: The Flame of Islam. Garden City, 1931.

Lamb, Harold, The Crusades: Iron Men and Saints. Garden City, 1931.

Lamb, Harold, Genghis Khan. New York, 1927.

Lamb, Harold, Tamerlane: The Earth Shaker. New York, 1928.

Lambton, Ann K. S., State and Government in Medieval Islam. Oxford, 1981.

Lapidus, Ira M., A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge, 1988.

Linehan, Peter, History and the Historians of Medieval Spain. Oxford, 1993.

Lindholm, Charles, The Islamic Middle East: An Historical Anthropology. Oxford, 1996.

Lings, Martin, Muhammad. New York, 1983.

Longrigg, Stephen Hemsley, Four Centuries of Modern Iraq. Oxford, 1925.

Mahmud, Sayyid Fayyaz, A Short History of Islam. Karachi, 1960.

Maimonides, Moses, The Guide for the Perplexed tr. M. Friedlander. New York, 1904.

McCarthy, Justin, The Ottoman Turks: An Introductory History to 1923. London, 1997.

Meaning of the Glorious Koran, The tr. Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall. New York, no date.

Medieval Iberia: Readings from Christian, Muslim, and Jewish Sources ed. Olivia Remie Constable. Philadelphia, 1997.

Medieval Philosophy ed. Herman Shapiro. New York, 1964.

Medieval Political Philosophy ed. Ralph Lerner and Muhsin Mahdi. Ithaca, 1963.

Merriman, Roger Bigelow, Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566. Cambridge, 1944.

Middle East and North Africa in World Politics, The, Volume 1: European Expansion 1535-1914 tr. and ed. J. C. Hurewitz. New Haven, 1975.

Miskawayh, Ahmad ibn Muhammad, The Refinement of Character (Tahdhib al-Akhlaq) tr. Constantine K. Zurayk. Beirut, 1968.

Morier, J. J., The Adventures of Hajji Baba of Ispahan. New York, 1947.

Muir, William, The Life of Mohammad. Edinburgh, 1923.

Muhammad’s People: A Tale by Anthology tr. Eric Schroeder. Portland, 1955.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, Three Muslim Sages: Avicenna – Surhawardi – Ibn ‘Arabi. Cambridge, 1964.

Nefzawi, Shaykh, The Perfumed Garden tr. Richard Burton. New York, 1963.

Nizam al-Mulk, The Book of Government or Rules for Kings tr. Hubert Drake. London, 1978.

Nutting, Anthony, The Arabs. New York, 1964.

Oldenbourg, Zoé, The Crusades tr. Anne Carter. New York, 1966.

Parry, V. J., A History of the Ottoman Empire to 1730. Cambridge, 1976.

Payne, Robert, The History of Islam. New York, 1959.

Philosophy in the Middle Ages ed. Arthur Hyman and James J. Walsh. Indianapolis, 1984.

Political Aspects of Islamic Philosophy ed. Charles E. Butterworth. Cambridge, 1992.

Quasem, Muhammad Abul, The Ethics of Al-Ghazzali. Selangor, 1975.

Qushayri, Principles of Sufism tr. B. R. von Schlegell. Oneonta, 1990.

Qushayri, Abu’l-Qasim, Sufi Book of Spiritual Ascent (al-Risala al-Qushayriya) tr. Rabia Harris. Chicaco, 1997.

Razavi, Mehdi Amin, Suhrawardi and the School of Illumination. Richmond, 1997.

Reid, James, Tribalism and Society in Islamic Iran 1500-1629. Malibu, 1983.

Rhazes, The Spiritual Physick of tr. Arthur J. Arberry. London, 1950.

Rizvi, S. Rizwan Ali, Nizam Al-Mulk Tusi. Lahore, 1978.

Rodinson, Maxime, Muhammad tr. Anne Carter. New York, 1980.

Rumi, Jalalu’ddin, The Mathnawi, volumes 2-3 tr. Reynold At. Nicholson. London, 1977.

Rumi, Discourses of tr. A. J. Arberry. New York, 1961.

Rumi, Teachings of (The Masnavi) tr. E. H. Whinfield. New York, 1973.

Runciman, Steven, A History of the Crusades, 3 volumes. Cambridge, 1951.

Sa‘di, Bustan: Morals Pointed and Tales Adorned tr. G. M. Wickens. Toronto, 1974.

Sa‘di, The Gulistan or Rose Garden of tr. Edward Rehatsek. New York, 1964.

Safavid Persia ed. Charles Melville. London, 1996.

Salahi, M. A., Muhammad: Man and Prophet. Shaftesbury, 1995.

Sana’i, Abu’l-Majd Majdud, The First Book of the Hadiqatu’l L-Haqiqat or the Enclosed Garden of the Truth tr. Major J. Stephenson. New York, 1908.

Savory, Roger, Iran Under the Safavids. Cambridge, 1980.

Schimmel, Annemarie, Mystical Dimensions of Islam. Chapel Hill, 1975.

Shah, Idries, The Sufis. Garden City, 1964.

Sharib, Zahurul Hassan, Khawaja Gharib Nawaz. Lahore, 1961.

Sherif, Mohamed Ahmed, Ghazali’s Theory of Virtue. Albany, 1975.

Slaughter, Gertrude, Saladin (1138-1193). New York, 1955.

Speeches and Table-Talk of the Prophet Muhammad, The tr. Stanley Lane-Poole. Lahore, 1966.

Stewart, Desmond, Early Islam. New York, 1967.

Suleyman the Magnificent and His Age ed. Metin Kunt and Christine Woodhead. London, 1995.

Sykes, Percy, A History of Persia, 2 volumes. London, 1930.

Throop, Palmer A., Criticism of the Crusade. Philadelphia, 1940.

Tunisi, Khayr al-Din, The Surest Path tr. Leon Carl Brown. Cambridge, 1967.

Turkish Literature tr. Epiphanius Wilson. New York, 1901.

Tusi, Nasir ad-Din, The Nasirean Ethics tr. G. M. Wickens. London, 1964.

Ullah, Najib, Islamic Literature. New York, 1963.

Vassiliev, Alexei, The History of Saudi Arabia. London, 1998.

Vogelsang, Willem, The Afghans. Oxford, 2002.

Watt, W. Montgomery, The Faith and Practice of al-Ghazali. London, 1953.

Watt, W. Montgomery, The Formative Period of Islamic Thought. Edinburgh, 1973.

Watt, W. Montgomery, Islamic Political Thought. Edinburgh, 1968.

Watt, W. Montgomery, The Majesty That Was Islam. New York, 1974.

Watt, W. Montgomery, Muhammad at Mecca. Oxford, 1953.

Watt, W. Montgomery, Muhammad at Medina. Oxford, 1956.

Watt, W. Montgomery, Muslim Intellectual: A Study of al-Ghazali. Edinburgh, 1963.

William Archbishop of Tyre, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea. 2 volumes tr. Emily Atwater Babcock and A. C. Krey. New York, 1943.

Yusuf Khass Hajib, Wisdom of Royal Glory (Kutadgu Bilig) A Turko-Islamic Mirror for Princes tr. Robert Dankoff. Chicago, 1983.

Africa to 1700

Abun-Nasr, Jamil M., A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge, 1987.

Africa: The Heritage and the Challenge ed. Joan G. Roland. Greenwich, 1974.

Africa and Its Explorers ed. Robert I. Rotberg. Cambridge, 1970.

African Heritage: An Anthology of Black African Personality and Culture ed. Jacob Drachler. New York, 1963.

African Philosophy: An Anthology ed. Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze. Malden, 1998.

Beachey, R. W., The Slave Trade of Eastern Africa. New York, 1976.

Bryant, A. T., Olden Times in Zululand and Natal. Capetown, 1965.

Cambridge History of Africa, The: From c. 1050 to c. 1600, Vol. 3 ed. Roland Oliver. Cambridge, 1977.

Cambridge History of Africa, The: From c. 1600 to c.1790, Vol. 4 ed. Richard Gray. Cambridge, 1975.

Cambridge History of Egypt, The, Vol. 2 ed. M. W. Daly. Cambridge, 1998.

Chidester, David, Savage Systems: Colonialism and Comparative Religion in Southern Africa. Charlottesville, 1996.

Claridge, W. Walton, A History of the Gold Coast and Ashanti, Volume 1. London, 1964.

Cooley, John K., Baal, Christ, and Mohammed: Religion and Revolution in North Africa. New York, 1965.

Cory, G. E., The Rise of South Africa, Volume 1. Capetown, 1965.

Coupland, R., East Africa and Its Invaders from the Earliest Times to the Death of Seyyid Said in 1856. Oxford, 1938.

Curtin, Philip et al, African History. Boston, 1978.

Curtin, Philip D. The Atlantic Slave Trade. Madison, 1969.

Dathorne, O. R., The Black Mind: A History of African Literature. Minneapolis, 1974.

Davidson, Basil, Africa in History. London, 1974.

Davidson, Basil, African Kingdoms. New York, 1966.

Davidson, Basil, The African Slave Trade. Boston, 1980.

Davidson, Basil, The African Past: Chronicles from Antiquity to Modern Times. Boston, 1964.

Davidson, Basil, A History of East and Central Africa. Garden City, 1969.

Ethiopian Chronicles, The ed. Richard K. P. Pankhurst. Addis Adaba, 1967.

Fisher, Humphrey J., Slavery in the History of Muslim Black Africa. New York, 2001.

Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P., Chronology of African History. Oxford, 1973.

General History of Africa, Vol. 4. ed. D. T. Niane. Berkeley, 1984.

General History of Africa, Vol. 5. ed. B. A. Ogot. Oxford, 1992.

Hallett, Robin, Africa to 1875. Ann Arbor, 1970.

Henze, Paul B., Layers of Time: A History of Ethiopia. New York, 2000.

History of East Africa, Volume 1 ed. Roland Oliver and Gervase Mathew. Oxford, 1963.

History of West Africa, Volume 1 ed. J. F. A. Ajayi and Michael Crowder. New York, 1971.

Horizon History of Africa, The ed. Alvin M. Josephy, Jr. New York, 1971.

Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History tr. Franz Rosenthal, three volumes. New York, 1967.

Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History tr. Franz Rosenthal, ed. N. J. Dawood. Princeton, 1967.

Illustrated History of South Africa. Pleasantvllle, 1988.

Julien, Charles-André, History of North Africa: Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco tr. John Petrie. London, 1970.

July, Robert W., A History of the African People. New York, 1980.

Magesa, Laurenti, African Religion: The Moral Traditions of Abundant Life. Maryknoll, 1997.

Mbiti, John S., African Religions and Philosophy. New York, 1969.

Moorish Literature tr. René Basset. New York, 1901.

Mostert, Noel, Frontier: The Epic of South Africa’s Creation and the Tragedy of the Xhosa People. New York, 1992.

Norris, H. T., The Tuaregs: Their Islamic Legacy and Its Diffusion in the Sahel. Wilts, 1975.

Oxford History of South Africa, The, Vol. 1 South Africa to 1870 ed. Monica Wilson and Leonard Thompson. New York, 1969.

Parrinder, Geoffrey, West African Religion. London, 1961.

Problems in African History: The Precolonial Centuries ed. Robert O. Collins. New York, 1993.

Rabi, Muhammad Mahmoud, The Political Theory of Ibn Khaldun. Leiden, 1967.

Reader, John, Africa: A Biography of the Continent. New York, 1997.

Readings in African Traditional Religion ed. E. M. Uka. Bern, 1991.

Reusch, Richard, History of East Africa. New York, 1961.

Scholefield, Alan, The Dark Kingdoms: The Impact of White Civilization on Three Great African Monarchies. New York, 1975.

Shaping of South African Society 1652-1820, The ed. Richard Elphick and Hermann Giliomee. Cape Town, 1979.

Shillington, Kevin, History of Africa. New York, 1995.

Strandes, Justus, The Portuguese Period in East Africa tr. Jean F. Wallwork. Nairobi, 1961.

Sundermeier, Theo, The Individual and Community in African Traditional Religions. Hamburg, 1998.

Thomas, Elizabeth Marshall, The Harmless People. New York, 1959.

Thornton, John K., The Kongolese Saint Anthony: Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita and the Antonian Movement, 1684-1706. Cambridge, 1998.

Trimingham, J. Spencer, A History of Islam in West Africa. London, 1962.

Valensi, Lucette, On the Eve of Colonialism: North Africa Before the French Conquest tr. Kenneth J. Perkins. New York, 1977.

Walker, Eric A., A History of Southern Africa. London, 1962.

Ward, W. E. F., A History of Ghana. London, 1958.

Welch, Galbraith, Africa: Before They Came. New York, 1965.

Welch, Sidney R., Portuguese and Dutch in South Africa 1641-1806. Cape Town, 1951.

Mideast & Africa to 1700 has been published as a book .
For ordering information, please click here.

MIDEAST & AFRICA 1700-1950

Prehistoric Cultures
Sumer, Babylon, and Hittites
Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, and Persian Empires
Muhammad and Islamic Conquest
Abbasid, Buyid, and Seljuk Empires 750-1095
Islamic Culture 1095-1300
Ottoman and Persian Empires 1300-1700
North Africa to 1700
Sub-Saharan Africa to 1700
Summary and Evaluation

Chronology of Mideast & Africa to 1950
World Chronology
Chronology of Asia & Africa


BECK index